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Additional Info

  • Authors Angela Higginson, Lorraine Mazerolle, Jacqueline Davis, Laura Bedford, Kerrie Mengersen, Adele Somerville, Jenna Thompson, Kathryn Ham Benier, Harley Williamson
  • Published date 2013-05-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Community-oriented policing's impact on interpersonal violent crime in developing countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Anthony Petrosino, John Buehler, Carolyn Turpin-Petrosino
  • Published date 2013-05-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 9
  • PLS Title Scared straight programs result in more crime
  • PLS Description Scared straight programs involve organised visits to prison by juvenile delinquents or children at risk of committing crime, also called pre-delinquents. Scared straight and similar programs are promoted as a crime prevention strategy, identifying children at risk of committing crime to discourage them from any future criminal conduct. This review assesses the effect of these programs on criminal behaviours by juvenile delinquents or pre-delinquents.
  • Title 'Scared straight' and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency
  • Spanish PLS Los programas ‘Scared Straight’ (Asustar para corregir) generan más crimen
  • Spanish PLS Description Los programas ‘Scared Straight’ consisten en visitas organizadas a la prisión para delincuentes juveniles o niños en riesgo de cometer delitos (también llamados predelincuentes). Los programas ‘Scared Straight’ y similares se promueven como una estrategia de prevención de crimen que identifica a los niños en riesgo de cometer delitos para desalentarlos de cualquier conducta delictiva futura. La revisión evalúa el efecto de estos programas sobre las conductas criminales por parte de delincuentes juveniles.

Additional Info

  • Authors Michael Grimm, Anna Luisa Paffhausen
  • Published date 2013-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Interventions for employment creation in micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in low- and middle-income countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Trine Filges, Lars Pico Geerdsen, Anne-Sofie Due Knudsen, Anne-Marie Klint Jorgensen, Krystyna Kowalski
  • Published date 2013-03-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary Other
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 4
  • PLS Title Exhaustion of unemployment benefits leads to an increase in job-finding rates among the unemployed
  • PLS Description Since the 1970s unemployment rates in Europe and the USA have diverged, with unemployment persistently higher in the USA. The generosity of the benefits system is one possible factor behind this difference. Shortening the length of unemployment benefit eligibility period is a policy instrument intended to decrease unemployment. The policy is intended to encourage productive job searches and reduce the overall unemployment level. This review assesses the impact of exhaustion of employment benefits on the job-finding rate for unemployed individuals
  • Title Unemployment benefit exhaustion: incentive effects on job-finding rates

Additional Info

  • Authors Hilary Thomson, Siân Thomas, Eva Sellström, Mark Petticrew
  • Published date 2013-03-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Protocol Review
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 2
  • Title Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes

Additional Info

  • Authors Cheryl Regehr, Ramona Alaggia, Catriona Shatford, Annabel Pitts, Michael Saini
  • Published date 2013-03-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Interventions to reduce distress in adult victims of sexual violence and rape

Additional Info

  • Authors Lorraine Mazerolle, Sarah Bennett, Jacqueline Davis, Elise Sargeant, Matthew Manning
  • Published date 2013-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Interventions to enhance police legitimacy increase public satisfaction with and confidence in the police, and reduce reoffending
  • PLS Description Effective policing requires voluntary public cooperation. Citizens are more likely to cooperate when they view the police as legitimate. This review assesses the direct and indirect benefits of interventions that use procedurally just dialogue to enhance police legitimacy.
  • Title Legitimacy in policing
  • Spanish PLS Las intervenciones para mejorar la legitimidad de la fuerza policial aumentan la satisfacción, la confianza del público y reducen la reincidencia
  • Spanish PLS Description Para ser eficaz en el control del crimen y el mantenimiento del orden, la policía requiere de la cooperación voluntaria del público en general. La evidencia muestra que los ciudadanos son más propensos a cumplir y cooperar con la policía y obedecer la ley cuando consideran que la policía es legítima. La justicia procesal es la vía más común utilizada por la policía para aumentar su legitimidad frente al público en general. La justicia procesal tiene cuatro componentes esenciales: (1) participación ciudadana en los procedimientos previos a la decisión (o voz) de la autoridad, (2) neutralidad percibida de la autoridad al tomar la decisión, (3) muestra de dignidad y respeto hacia los ciudadanos a lo largo de la interacción, y (4) la autoridad transmite motivos fiables. Esta revisión evalúa los beneficios directos e indirectos de las intervenciones públicas de la policía que utilizan un diálogo procesalmente justo.

Additional Info

  • Authors Anthony Petrosino, Claire Morgan, Trevor Fronius, Emily Tanner-Smith, Robert Boruch
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 19
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Interventions in developing nations for improving primary and secondary school enrolments

Additional Info

  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, Doris MacKenzie, David Wilson
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Incarceration-based drug treatment programs have modest effects on criminal behaviour
  • PLS Description Many, if not most, incarcerated criminals are drug-dependent. In the absence of effective substance abuse treatment, a high proportion of these drug-dependent criminals will return to crime once released. Incarceration-based drug treatment programs allow correctional facilities to use force to encourage abusers to engage in treatment -- many of who otherwise would not do so -- as well as limit the availability of drugs with sufficient time available to focus on treatment and introspection. This review examines the effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug use.
  • Title The effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment on criminal behavior
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de tratamiento contra las drogas en cárceles tienen escasos efectos en la delincuencia
  • Spanish PLS Description Muchos criminales encarcelados, si no la mayoría,son adictos a las drogas. En ausencia de un tratamiento eficaz contra el abuso de sustancias, una gran proporción de estos delincuentes dependientes de las drogas volverá a delinquir una vez liberados. Los programas de tratamiento contra las drogas en cárceles permiten el uso de la fuerza por parte de las instalaciones correccionales, esto con el fin de incitar a los consumidores a participar en el tratamiento (muchos de los cuales no lo harían de otra forma). Además, limitan la disponibilidad de drogas, dejando suficiente tiempo disponible para enfocarse en el tratamiento y la introspección. Esta revisión examina la efectividad de los programas de tratamiento contra las drogas en cárceles sobre la reducción de la reincidencia y el consumo de drogas posteriores a la puesta en libertad.

Additional Info

  • Authors Ulrik Gensby, Thomas Lund, Krystyna Kowalski, Madina Saidj, Anne-Marie Klint Jørgensen, Trine Filges, Emma Irvin, Benjamin C. Amick III, Merete Labriola
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Little conclusive evidence about the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs in promoting return to work
  • PLS Description The share of the working-age population relying on disability and sickness benefits has tended to increase in OECD countries, resulting in negative impacts for the individuals concerned, their families, their employer and society more generally. Workplace disability management (WPDM) is a comprehensive and cohesive employer based approach to managing complex needs of people with a work disability within a given work environment. This review assesses the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs in promoting return to work. It focuses on successful job maintenance and return to work (RTW).
  • Title Workplace-based disability management programs for promoting return-to-work
  • Spanish PLS Poca evidencia acerca de la efectividad de los programas laborales de gestión de discapacidades para fomentar el regreso al trabajo
  • Spanish PLS Description En países de la OCDE, la proporción de la población en edad de trabajar que depende de beneficios para discapacidades y enfermedades ha tendido a aumentar, lo que ha repercutido negativamente en las personas afectadas, sus familias, sus empleadores y la sociedad en general. La gestión laboral de discapacidades (WPDM, por sus siglas en inglés) es un enfoque integral y cohesivo, basado en el empleador, que gestiona las necesidades complejas de las personas con discapacidad laboral dentro de un entorno de trabajo determinado. Esta revisión evalúa la efectividad que tiene este tipo de programas para fomentar el regreso al trabajo, y se enfoca en el éxito de la preservación del empleo y el regreso al trabajo.
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