The Campbell Library
The Campbell Library

The Campbell Library (314)

Additional Info

  • Authors Barak Ariel, Lawrence Sherman
  • Published date 2012-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Mandatory arrest for misdemeanor domestic violence effects on repeat offending

Additional Info

  • Authors Rigmor C. Berg, Eva Denison
  • Published date 2012-06-28
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Interventions to reduce female genital mutilation/cutting affect attitudes, not practices
  • PLS Description FGM/C interventions aim to reduce the occurrence of FGM/C among practicing communities. This review examines the empirical research on the effectiveness of FGM/C interventions. The review also examines the contextual factors that may help explain the effectiveness, or lack thereof, of such interventions.
  • Title Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Maria Ttofi, David Farrington, Friedrich Losel, Rolf Loeber
  • Published date 2012-06-28
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Involvement of children in school bullying: effects on later criminal and health outcomes

Additional Info

  • Authors Anthony Braga, Andrew Papachristos, David Hureau
  • Published date 2012-06-27
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 8
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Hot spots policing is effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of focusing police crime prevention efforts on crime hot spots, and whether focused police actions at specific locations result in crime displacement (i.e. crime moving around the corner) or diffusion (i.e. crime reduction in surrounding areas) of crime control benefits. The review includes 19 studies covering 25 cases. Seventeen of the studies were conducted in the USA.
  • Title The effects of hot spots policing on crime
  • Spanish PLS Las acciones policiales en puntos calientes son eficaces para reducir la delincuencia
  • Spanish PLS Description La mitad de todos los delitos ocurren en áreas pequeñas y localizadas, o puntos calientes. Ejemplos de puntos calientes de delincuencia son los edificios de apartamentos, las esquinas de las calles o un número pequeño de calles de la ciudad. ¿Se puede reducir la delincuencia de manera más eficiente si los agentes de policía centran su atención en estos lugares? O, ¿este estilo de acciones policiales simplemente dará lugar a que la delincuencia se traslade a un lugar distinto? La revisión examina los efectos en la reducción de delincuencia de la concentración de la vigilancia policial en puntos calientes con el propósito de reducirla. Además examina si la delincuencia se traslada a otra área (desplazamiento), o si los beneficios se esparcen, reduciendo la delincuencia en el área circundante (difusión).
  • Norwegian PLS “Hot spot”-politiarbeid (stedsfokusert politiarbeid) er effektivt for å redusere kriminalitet
  • Norwegian PLS Description Halvparten av all kriminalitet skjer i små, lokaliserte problemområder. Eksempler på problemområder er leilighetsgårder, gatehjørner eller enkelte bykvartaler. En oversikt fra Campbell har sett på om kriminalitet kan reduseres mer effektivt hvis polititjenestemenn/kvinner fokuserer på slike områder. Oversikten har også sett på om denne typen politiarbeid vil føre til uønskede effekter som at kriminaliteten forflyttes til et annet sted. Oversikten undersøker den kriminalitetsreduserende effekten av å fokusere på problemområder for å redusere kriminalitet, hvorvidt det bare fører til at kriminaliteten flyttes til et annet sted (forflytning), eller om fordelene forplanter seg slik at kriminaliteten i omkringliggende områder også blir redusert (spredning).
  • French PLS La mise en place de patrouilles de police dans « les points chauds » réduit la criminalité
  • French PLS Description Plus de la moitié des crimes se passe dans de tous petits territoires définis, également appelés « points chauds ». Ceux-ci peuvent être des adresses précises, des portions de rue ou des carrefours, identifiés en fonction des activités délinquantes qui s’y déroulent. Les questions abordées sont : est-ce que la criminalité peut être réduite si la police concentre ses efforts sur ces zones à risques ? Ce genre de maintien de l’ordre résulte-t-il à déplacer le problème ailleurs ? Cette revue systématique examine les conséquences de patrouiller dans les points chauds sur la réduction de la criminalité. A savoir si, soit cette criminalité se déplace sur une autre zone (« déplacement »), ou bien si les effets bénéfiques des interventions se propagent, réduisant aussi la criminalité sur les zones avoisinantes (« diffusion »).

Additional Info

  • Authors Brandy R Maynard, Katherine Tyson McCrea, Michael S. Kelly
  • Published date 2012-05-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 10
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Truancy programmes increase school attendance, but better programmes and evidence are needed.
  • PLS Description Truancy has serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, families, schools and communities. Truancy intervention programs aim to mitigate such problems using different modalities to increase student attendance. This review examines the effect of truancy interventions on chronically truant students' school attendance.
  • Title Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Additional Info

  • Authors George Patterson, Irene Chung, Philip G Swan
  • Published date 2012-04-18
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 7
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title The effects of stress management interventions among police officers and recruits

Additional Info

  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Zohra Lassi, Jai Das, Howard White, Sandy Cairncross, Oliver Cumming
  • Published date 2012-04-03
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions to combat diarrhoea among children in developing countries: effectiveness and sustainability

Additional Info

  • Authors Yael Litmanovitz, Paul Montgomery
  • Published date 2012-03-15
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Training programs to improve attitudes, behaviours and skills of police officers regarding democratic values, civil rights, and human rights and to reduce unlawful use of force by police officers

Additional Info

  • Authors Colleen M. Davison, Lisa Newton, Rob Brown, John Freeman, Lee-Anne Ufholz, J. David Smith
  • Published date 2012-03-12
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Later school start times for supporting the education, health and well-being of high school students

Additional Info

  • Authors John D. Westbrook, Chad Nye, Carlton J. Fong
  • Published date 2012-03-09
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 5
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Effectiveness of adult employment assistance services for persons with autism spectrum disorders

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