Campbell systematic reviews

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The Campbell Library (330)

Additional Info

  • Authors Jos Vaessen, Ana Rivas, Maren Duvendack, Richard Palmer Jones, Frans Leeuw, Ger van Gils, Ruslan Lukach, Nathalie Holvoet, Johan Bastiaensen, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Hugh Waddington
  • Published date 2014-11-03
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Title The effect of microcredit on women’s control over household spending in developing countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Ashley Aimone Phillips, Kerri Wazny, Jo-Anna Baxter, Nandita Perumal, Stanley Zlotkin, Zulfiqar Bhutta
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive risk factors of linear growth among children and adolescents (0-19 years) in low- and middle-income countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Angela Higginson, Lorraine Mazerolle, Kathryn Ham Benier, Laura Bedford
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Predictors of youth gang membership in low- and middle-income countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Anna J Gavine, Damien J Williams, Steve MacGillivray
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Universal community-based social development interventions for preventing community violence by young people aged 12-18

Additional Info

  • Authors Aron Shlonsky, Michelle Macvean, Robyn Mildon, Ben Devine, Jane Barlow, Lea Tufford, Arild Bjørndal
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title
  • Title Mindfulness-based parenting programmes for improving psychosocial outcomes in children from birth to age 18, and their parents

Additional Info

  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Birte Snilstveit, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Martina Vojtkova, Jock Anderson, Howard White
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Farmer field schools improve agricultural practices, yields and incomes in small pilot programmes, but not in large-scale programmes
  • PLS Description The purpose of farmer field schools is to improve farmers’ skills to empower them to make better decisions. Different programmes have different objectives, but they often aim to reduce pesticides use, promote better farming practices and boost yields or income. Field schools use facilitators who employ participatory, experiential learning methods over an entire growing season. For example, farmer field schools use ‘practice plots’ where farmers can compare results from different farming methods. In contrast to traditional agricultural extension projects, which mainly teach simple practices such as applying fertilisers, farmer field schools often teach holistic techniques, such as integrated pest management. Farmer field schools have been widely used across Asia, Africa and Latin America, reaching an estimated 10–15 million farmers. This review examines the effectiveness of farmer field schools in changing farmer knowledge and practice, and improving yields, income, environmental impact and farmer empowerment.
  • Title Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Additional Info

  • Authors Sean Grant, Amanda Parsons, Jennifer Burton, Paul Montgomery, Kristen Underhill, Evan Mayo-Wilson
  • Published date 2014-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary Data
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 3
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Home visits appear not to be effective, but better evidence may show some benefits for some groups from some interventions
  • PLS Description This review examines the effectiveness of home visits in reducing impairment, institutionalization, and death in older adults. Factors that may moderate effects are identified.
  • Title Home visits for prevention of impairment and death in older adults
  • Spanish PLS Las visitas a domicilio parecen no ser eficaces, pero mejor evidencia podría mostrar algunos beneficios para ciertos grupos sociales a partir de intervenciones específicas
  • Spanish PLS Description Las visitas a domicilio por parte de asistentes sociales y profesionales de la salud son una intervención de tipo preventivo que apunta principalmente a los adultos mayores. Su principal objetivo es mantener saludables y autónomos a los residentes de la comunidad que conforman dicho grupo etario. Este tipo de intervención preventiva considera estrategias para disminuir una serie de factores de riesgo que los adultos mayores deben afrontar con respecto a la morbilidad y a la mortalidad relacionados con dificultades físicas, funcionales, psicológicas, medioambientales y sociales. La presente revisión analiza la eficacia de las visitas a domicilio en la reducción de la discapacidad, de la necesidad de internación y de la tasa de fallecimiento entre adultos mayores. Se identifican además aquellos factores que pudieran atenuar los efectos esperados.

Additional Info

  • Authors Clare Toon, Kurinchi Gurusamy
  • Published date 2014-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 5
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Forensic nurses provide cheaper and better clinical care for rape and sexual assault complainants than doctor counterparts
  • PLS Description In the UK incidents of rape and sexual assaults are referred to a sexual assault referral centre (SARC). These are typically headed by forensic doctors who conduct forensic examinations, collecting and documenting findings and preparing statements for court when requested by the police. In the United States, the equivalent institution for SARCs are headed by sexual assault nurse examiners (SANE). This review compares the reliability and efficacy of forensic nurse examiners (FNE) with that of doctors for the forensic examinations of rape and sexual assault complaints.
  • Title Forensic nurse examiners vs doctors for the forensic examination of rape and sexual assault complainants

Additional Info

  • Authors Sally Simpson, Melissa Rorie, Mariel Elise Alper, Natalie Schell-Busey, William Laufer, N. Craig Smith
  • Published date 2014-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Corporate Crime: Laws and Regulations Have Only Small Effects on Corporations
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of interventions to deter corporate crime. The review examines the effectiveness of formal legal and administrative strategies to lower the risk of non-compliance. The authors summarized 106 studies of corporate crime prevention and control.
  • Title Corporate crime deterrence
  • Spanish PLS Delincuencia empresarial: Las leyes y reglamentos solamente tienen efectos pequeños en las empresas
  • Spanish PLS Description La delincuencia empresarial incluye delitos cometidos por empleados individuales y aquellos cometidos por las instituciones. Algunos delitos son infracciones menores, otros son más serios y complicados, involucrando a varias organizaciones, posiblemente cruzando fronteras nacionales. Hay una carencia de estudios de alta calidad. Los datos limitados sobre la delincuencia empresarial se encuentran dispersos, los informes suelen ser inconsistentes y la calidad y métodos de investigación sobre la delincuencia empresarial varían muy ampliamente. La criminología se ha centrado más en la delincuencia callejera en lugar de centrarse en la delincuencia empresarial. Esta carencia ha hecho difícil la construcción de políticas basadas en la evidencia para la prevención y el control de la delincuencia empresarial. La revisión examina la eficacia de las estrategias jurídicas y administrativas formales por parte de los organismos encargados de hacer cumplir la ley, los órganos legislativos y los organismos reguladores para reducir el riesgo de incumplimiento tanto a nivel organizativo como individual.

Additional Info

  • Authors Anthony Petrosino, Sarah Guckenburg, Trevor Fronius
  • Published date 2014-03-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Policing schools strategies to reduce crime, increase perceptions of safety, and improve learning outcomes in primary and secondary schools

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