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Search Result: 77 Records found
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Unemployment benefit exhaustion: incentive effects on job-finding rates
  • Authors Trine Filges, Lars Pico Geerdsen, Anne-Sofie Due Knudsen, Anne-Marie Klint Jorgensen, Krystyna Kowalski
  • Published date 2013-03-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary Other
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 4
  • PLS Title Exhaustion of unemployment benefits leads to an increase in job-finding rates among the unemployed
  • PLS Description Since the 1970s unemployment rates in Europe and the USA have diverged, with unemployment persistently higher in the USA. The generosity of the benefits system is one possible factor behind this difference. Shortening the length of unemployment benefit eligibility period is a policy instrument intended to decrease unemployment. The policy is intended to encourage productive job searches and reduce the overall unemployment level. This review assesses the impact of exhaustion of employment benefits on the job-finding rate for unemployed individuals
  • Title Unemployment benefit exhaustion: incentive effects on job-finding rates
Legitimacy in policing
  • Authors Lorraine Mazerolle, Sarah Bennett, Jacqueline Davis, Elise Sargeant, Matthew Manning
  • Published date 2013-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Interventions to enhance police legitimacy increase public satisfaction with and confidence in the police, and reduce reoffending
  • PLS Description Effective policing requires voluntary public cooperation. Citizens are more likely to cooperate when they view the police as legitimate. This review assesses the direct and indirect benefits of interventions that use procedurally just dialogue to enhance police legitimacy.
  • Title Legitimacy in policing
Workplace-based disability management programs for promoting return-to-work
  • Authors Ulrik Gensby, Thomas Lund, Krystyna Kowalski, Madina Saidj, Anne-Marie Klint Jørgensen, Trine Filges, Emma Irvin, Benjamin C. Amick III, Merete Labriola
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Little conclusive evidence about the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs in promoting return to work
  • PLS Description The share of the working-age population relying on disability and sickness benefits has tended to increase in OECD countries, resulting in negative impacts for the individuals concerned, their families, their employer and society more generally. Workplace disability management (WPDM) is a comprehensive and cohesive employer based approach to managing complex needs of people with a work disability within a given work environment. This review assesses the effectiveness of workplace disability management programs in promoting return to work. It focuses on successful job maintenance and return to work (RTW).
  • Title Workplace-based disability management programs for promoting return-to-work
The effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment on criminal behavior
  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, Doris MacKenzie, David Wilson
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Incarceration-based drug treatment programs have modest effects on criminal behaviour
  • PLS Description Many, if not most, incarcerated criminals are drug-dependent. In the absence of effective substance abuse treatment, a high proportion of these drug-dependent criminals will return to crime once released. Incarceration-based drug treatment programs allow correctional facilities to use force to encourage abusers to engage in treatment -- many of who otherwise would not do so -- as well as limit the availability of drugs with sufficient time available to focus on treatment and introspection. This review examines the effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug use.
  • Title The effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment on criminal behavior
Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health
  • Authors Jane Barlow, Nadja Smailagic, Nick Huband, Verena Roloff, Cathy Bennett
  • Published date 2012-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 15
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Group-based parent training programmes improve the short-term psychosocial wellbeing of parents but impact is not sustained
  • PLS Description This review examines the impact of group-based parenting programmes on aspects of parental psychosocial health such as anxiety, depression, guilt and confidence.
  • Title Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health
Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries
  • Authors Rigmor C. Berg, Eva Denison
  • Published date 2012-06-28
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Interventions to reduce female genital mutilation/cutting affect attitudes, not practices
  • PLS Description FGM/C interventions aim to reduce the occurrence of FGM/C among practicing communities. This review examines the empirical research on the effectiveness of FGM/C interventions. The review also examines the contextual factors that may help explain the effectiveness, or lack thereof, of such interventions.
  • Title Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries
The effects of hot spots policing on crime
  • Authors Anthony Braga, Andrew Papachristos, David Hureau
  • Published date 2012-06-27
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 8
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Hot spots policing is effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of focusing police crime prevention efforts on crime hot spots, and whether focused police actions at specific locations result in crime displacement (i.e. crime moving around the corner) or diffusion (i.e. crime reduction in surrounding areas) of crime control benefits. The review includes 19 studies covering 25 cases. Seventeen of the studies were conducted in the USA.
  • Title The effects of hot spots policing on crime
  • Spanish PLS Las acciones policiales en puntos calientes son eficaces para reducir la delincuencia
  • Spanish PLS Description La mitad de todos los delitos ocurren en áreas pequeñas y localizadas, o puntos calientes. Ejemplos de puntos calientes de delincuencia son los edificios de apartamentos, las esquinas de las calles o un número pequeño de calles de la ciudad. ¿Se puede reducir la delincuencia de manera más eficiente si los agentes de policía centran su atención en estos lugares? O, ¿este estilo de acciones policiales simplemente dará lugar a que la delincuencia se traslade a un lugar distinto? La revisión examina los efectos en la reducción de delincuencia de la concentración de la vigilancia policial en puntos calientes con el propósito de reducirla. Además examina si la delincuencia se traslada a otra área (desplazamiento), o si los beneficios se esparcen, reduciendo la delincuencia en el área circundante (difusión).
  • Norwegian PLS “Hot spot”-politiarbeid (stedsfokusert politiarbeid) er effektivt for å redusere kriminalitet
  • Norwegian PLS Description Halvparten av all kriminalitet skjer i små, lokaliserte problemområder. Eksempler på problemområder er leilighetsgårder, gatehjørner eller enkelte bykvartaler. En oversikt fra Campbell har sett på om kriminalitet kan reduseres mer effektivt hvis polititjenestemenn/kvinner fokuserer på slike områder. Oversikten har også sett på om denne typen politiarbeid vil føre til uønskede effekter som at kriminaliteten forflyttes til et annet sted. Oversikten undersøker den kriminalitetsreduserende effekten av å fokusere på problemområder for å redusere kriminalitet, hvorvidt det bare fører til at kriminaliteten flyttes til et annet sted (forflytning), eller om fordelene forplanter seg slik at kriminaliteten i omkringliggende områder også blir redusert (spredning).
  • French PLS La mise en place de patrouilles de police dans « les points chauds » réduit la criminalité
  • French PLS Description Plus de la moitié des crimes se passe dans de tous petits territoires définis, également appelés « points chauds ». Ceux-ci peuvent être des adresses précises, des portions de rue ou des carrefours, identifiés en fonction des activités délinquantes qui s’y déroulent. Les questions abordées sont : est-ce que la criminalité peut être réduite si la police concentre ses efforts sur ces zones à risques ? Ce genre de maintien de l’ordre résulte-t-il à déplacer le problème ailleurs ? Cette revue systématique examine les conséquences de patrouiller dans les points chauds sur la réduction de la criminalité. A savoir si, soit cette criminalité se déplace sur une autre zone (« déplacement »), ou bien si les effets bénéfiques des interventions se propagent, réduisant aussi la criminalité sur les zones avoisinantes (« diffusion »).
Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
  • Authors Brandy R Maynard, Katherine Tyson McCrea, Michael S. Kelly
  • Published date 2012-05-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 10
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Truancy programmes increase school attendance, but better programmes and evidence are needed.
  • PLS Description Truancy has serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, families, schools and communities. Truancy intervention programs aim to mitigate such problems using different modalities to increase student attendance. This review examines the effect of truancy interventions on chronically truant students' school attendance.
  • Title Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de ausentismo escolar aumentan la asistencia, pero se necesitan mejores programas y evidencia.
  • Spanish PLS Description El ausentismo es un problema comúnmente reconocido. Muchos gobiernos han aplicado políticas anti-ausentismo y han gastado grandes cantidades de dinero para mitigar el problema. En el mejor de los casos, las tasas de ausentismo se han mantenido estables, y a menudo han aumentado. Los programas de intervención de ausentismo apuntan a aumentar la asistencia escolar. Los programas de intervención de ausentismo son diversos, apuntan a diferentes tipos de factores de riesgos, y utilizan una gran variedad de métodos para intervenir. Las intervenciones pueden estar dirigidas a factores de riesgo individuales, tales como ansiedad o la fobia escolar, baja autoestima, habilidades sociales y condiciones médicas; factores familiares, como la comunicación y el apoyo parental, la disciplina y la gestión de contingencias, la participación parental y la comunicación con la escuela; y factores escolares, como el clima escolar, las políticas de asistencias, la relación entre maestros y estudiantes, y el bullying. Algunas intervenciones se dirigen a múltiples factores de riesgo en los tres niveles. Los métodos utilizados pueden ir desde un taller de un día para estudiantes y padres, hasta un programa anual de componentes múltiples que considere orientación, tutorías y manejo de casos.
The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
  • Authors Anthony A. Braga, David L. Weisburd
  • Published date 2012-03-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Focused deterrence strategies (“Pulling Levers”) are effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description Focused deterrence strategies tackle a particular crime problem by applying a varied menu of sanctions (“pulling levers”) as well as focusing social services and community resources on targeted offenders, and communicating with offenders about the attention they are receiving. These strategies have been successful in reducing crime.
  • Title The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
  • Spanish PLS Las estrategias de disuasión focalizada (“tirar palancas”) son eficaces para reducir el crimen
  • Spanish PLS Description Las estrategias de disuasión focalizada de “tirar palancas” son un marco policial para prevenir pandillas, el mercado de la droga y la violencia individual. El enfoque consiste en seleccionar un problema de crimen específico, como el homicidio en pandillas; convocar un grupo de trabajo interinstitucional de orden público, servicios sociales y facultativos comunitarios; realizar investigaciones para identificar a los delincuentes, grupos y patrones de conducta clave; establecer una respuesta a los delincuentes y grupos de delincuentes que utiliza un una lista variada de sanciones (“tirar palancas”) para evitar que continúen con su comportamiento violento; focalizar los servicios sociales y los recursos comunitarios hacia los delincuentes y grupos objetivo para ajustarse a los esfuerzos de prevención del orden público; y comunicarse directa y repetidamente con los delincuentes para hacerles comprender por qué están recibiendo esta atención especial.
Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, David Wilson, Amy Eggers, Doris MacKenzie
  • Published date 2012-02-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Drug Courts: More Effective in Reducing Drug Use and Reoffending in Adults than Juveniles
  • PLS Description This systematic review examines the effectiveness of drug courts, including drug courts for juvenile and drunk driving (DWI) offenders, in reducing recidivism compared to the standard justice system. The review critically assesses these courts’ effects on recidivism in the short and long term. It also assesses the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, as well as the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness.
  • Title Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
  • Spanish PLS Tribunales de drogas: son más eficaces en la reducción del consumo de drogas y la reincidencia en adultos que en menores
  • Spanish PLS Description Esta revisión examina la eficacia de los tribunales de drogas, incluyendo los tribunales de drogas para delincuentes juveniles y conductores en estado de ebriedad (DWI por su sigla en inglés) en la reducción de la reincidencia, en comparación con el sistema de justicia estándar. La revisión evalúa críticamente los efectos de estos tribunales sobre la reincidencia a corto y largo plazo. También evalúa la solidez metodológica de la evidencia existente, así como la relación entre las características del tribunal de drogas y la eficacia.
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