Search Result: 69 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
  • Authors Anthony A. Braga, David L. Weisburd
  • Published date 2012-03-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Focused deterrence strategies (“Pulling Levers”) are effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description Focused deterrence strategies tackle a particular crime problem by applying a varied menu of sanctions (“pulling levers”) as well as focusing social services and community resources on targeted offenders, and communicating with offenders about the attention they are receiving. These strategies have been successful in reducing crime.
  • Title The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, David Wilson, Amy Eggers, Doris MacKenzie
  • Published date 2012-02-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Drug Courts: More Effective in Reducing Drug Use and Reoffending in Adults than Juveniles
  • PLS Description This systematic review examines the effectiveness of drug courts, including drug courts for juvenile and drunk driving (DWI) offenders, in reducing recidivism compared to the standard justice system. The review critically assesses these courts’ effects on recidivism in the short and long term. It also assesses the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, as well as the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness.
  • Title Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
  • Spanish PLS Tribunales de drogas: son más eficaces en la reducción del consumo de drogas y la reincidencia en adultos que en menores
  • Spanish PLS Description Esta revisión examina la eficacia de los tribunales de drogas, incluyendo los tribunales de drogas para delincuentes juveniles y conductores en estado de ebriedad (DWI por su sigla en inglés) en la reducción de la reincidencia, en comparación con el sistema de justicia estándar. La revisión evalúa críticamente los efectos de estos tribunales sobre la reincidencia a corto y largo plazo. También evalúa la solidez metodológica de la evidencia existente, así como la relación entre las características del tribunal de drogas y la eficacia.
Home-based child development interventions for pre-school children from socially-disadvantaged families
  • Authors Sarah Miller, Lisa K. Maguire, Geraldine Macdonald
  • Published date 2012-01-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Home-based interventions do not improve child development outcomes for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families
  • PLS Description This review examines the effectiveness of home-based interventions aimed primarily at improving developmental outcomes for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families.
  • Title Home-based child development interventions for pre-school children from socially-disadvantaged families
The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
  • Authors Regina Oliver, Daniel Reschly, Joseph Wehby
  • Published date 2011-06-24
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 7
  • Issue nr 4
  • PLS Title Effective multi-component classroom management programmes seem to improve student behaviour in the classroom but further research is needed
  • PLS Description Effective classroom management is a preventive approach which establishes a positive classroom environment in which the teacher focuses on appropriate student behaviour. This review studies the effect of multi-component classroom management programmes on disruptive behaviours, and which of the components are most effective.
  • Title The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de manejo eficaz del aula con múltiples componentes parecen mejorar el comportamiento de los estudiantes en la sala de clases; sin embargo, se requiere mayor investigación
  • Spanish PLS Description Los comportamientos problemáticos de los estudiantes en el aula normalmente se encuentran asociados a un bajo desempeño académico. El tiempo de enseñanza a menudo se desperdicia intentando controlar los comportamientos problemáticos. El manejo eficaz del aula corresponde a un enfoque preventivo que establece un entorno positivo en la sala de clases, donde el profesor se enfoca en el comportamiento adecuado de los estudiantes. Esta revisión estudia el efecto de los programas de varios componentes para el manejo del aula en el caso de comportamientos problemáticos, además de establecer qué componentes son más eficaces.
Interventions for children, youth and parents to prevent and reduce cyber abuse
  • Authors Faye Mishna, Charlene Cook, Robert MacFadden, Michael Saini, Meng-Jia Wu
  • Published date 2009-06-05
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 5
  • PLS Title Cyber abuse interventions increase knowledge on internet safety but do not decrease risky online behaviour
  • PLS Description While there are many benefits from the internet, it is a potential site for abuse and victimisation. The prevalence of cyber abuse (activities such as cyber bullying, cyber stalking, cyber sexual solicitation, and cyber pornography) is a growing problem. This review examines the effectiveness of cyber abuse interventions in increasing knowledge about internet safety and decreasing risky online behaviour.
  • Title Interventions for children, youth and parents to prevent and reduce cyber abuse
Effects of closed circuit television surveillance on crime
  • Authors Brandon Welsh, David Farrington
  • Published date 2008-12-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 4
  • Issue nr 17
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) as a crime prevention tool
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of closed circuit television (CCTV) on property crime and violent crime. The review reports on whether using CCTV results in crime displacement, and also assesses whether using CCTV leads to the spread of crime prevention benefits. The authors found 44 evaluations. The studies were from the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Norway and Sweden. Most of the studies (34) were from the United Kingdom.
  • Title Effects of closed circuit television surveillance on crime
The effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder
  • Authors David Weisburd, John E. Eck, Joshua C. Hinkle, Cody Telep
  • Current phase Crime and Justice
  • Published date 2008-03-11
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 4
  • PLS Title Problem-oriented policing has a modest impact on crime and disorder
  • PLS Description Problem-oriented policing (POP) focuses police work on ‘problems’ as opposed to calls or crime incidents and it requires police to proactively develop response to crime and disorder problems based on a careful analysis of contributing factors. The approach has had a tremendous impact on American policing and is now widely implemented in the US and other countries. The classic implementation of POP follows the ‘SARA’ model of problem-solving (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment). This review assesses the effects of problem- oriented policing on crime and disorder based on the existing evaluation literature.
  • Title The effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder
  • Spanish PLS La vigilancia orientada a problemas tiene un impacto modesto en el crimen y el desorden
  • Spanish PLS Description La vigilancia orientada a problemas (POP) enfoca el trabajo de la policía en 'problemas' en oposición a llamadas o incidentes criminales y requiere que la policía desarrolle de manera proactiva la respuesta a problemas delictivos y desorden basados ​​en un análisis cuidadoso de factores contribuyentes. El enfoque ha tenido un tremendo impacto en la vigilancia estadounidense y ahora se implementa ampliamente en los EE. UU. Y otros países. La implementación clásica de POP sigue el modelo 'SARA' de resolución de problemas (Escaneo, Análisis, Respuesta, Evaluación). Esta revisión evalúa los efectos de la vigilancia orientada a los problemas en el crimen y el desorden basados ​​en la literatura de evaluación existente.
  • Norwegian PLS Problemorientert politi har en beskjeden innvirkning på kriminalitet og lidelse
  • Norwegian PLS Description Problem-orientert politisering (POP) fokuserer politiet på "problemer" i motsetning til samtaler eller kriminalitetshendelser, og det krever at politiet proaktivt utvikler respons på kriminal- og lidelsesproblemer basert på en nøye analyse av bidragende faktorer. Tilnærmingen har hatt en enorm innvirkning på amerikansk politi og er nå vidt implementert i USA og andre land. Den klassiske implementeringen av POP følger SARA-modellen for problemløsing (skanning, analyse, respons, vurdering). Denne vurderingen vurderer effektene av problemorientert politi på kriminalitet og lidelse basert på eksisterende evalueringslitteratur.
  • French PLS La police axée sur les problèmes a un impact modeste sur la criminalité et le désordre
  • French PLS Description Les services de police axés sur les problèmes (PPP) axent le travail policier sur les «problèmes» plutôt que sur les appels ou les incidents criminels et exigent que la police développe proactivement des réponses aux problèmes de criminalité et de désordre en analysant soigneusement les facteurs contributifs. Cette approche a eu un impact considérable sur les services de police américains et est maintenant largement appliquée aux États-Unis et dans d'autres pays. La mise en œuvre classique de POP suit le modèle de résolution de problèmes «SARA» (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment). Cet examen évalue les effets des services de police axés sur les problèmes en matière de criminalité et de désordre en se fondant sur les documents d'évaluation existants.
Interventions intended to reduce pregnancy-related outcomes among adolescents
  • Authors Lauren S. Scher, Rebecca A. Maynard, Matthew Stagner
  • Published date 2006-12-19
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Other
  • PLS Title Teen pregnancy prevention programs are mostlyineffective. Multi-component programs may work.
  • PLS Description This review examines the effectiveness of teenage pregnancy prevention programs inlowering sexual activity rates, encouraging the use of contraception, and reducing pregnancy among teens.
  • Title Interventions intended to reduce pregnancy-related outcomes among adolescents
Exercise to improve self-esteem in children and young people
  • Authors Eilin Ekeland, Frode Heian, Kåre Birger Hagen, Joanne Abbott, Lena Victoria Nordheim
  • Published date 2005-10-26
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 1
  • Issue nr 04
  • PLS Title Exercise interventions improves self-esteem in children and young people in the short-term but better research needed
  • PLS Description Psychological and behavioural problems are prevalent among children and adolescents. An improvement in self-esteem is one way of preventing the development of these problems. This review examines the impact of exercise interventions on the self-esteem of children and young people.
  • Title Exercise to improve self-esteem in children and young people
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