Search Result: 64 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

The effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment on criminal behavior
  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, Doris MacKenzie, David Wilson
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Incarceration-based drug treatment programs have modest effects on criminal behaviour
  • PLS Description Many, if not most, incarcerated criminals are drug-dependent. In the absence of effective substance abuse treatment, a high proportion of these drug-dependent criminals will return to crime once released. Incarceration-based drug treatment programs allow correctional facilities to use force to encourage abusers to engage in treatment -- many of who otherwise would not do so -- as well as limit the availability of drugs with sufficient time available to focus on treatment and introspection. This review examines the effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment programs in reducing post-release recidivism and drug use.
  • Title The effectiveness of incarceration-based drug treatment on criminal behavior
Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health
  • Authors Jane Barlow, Nadja Smailagic, Nick Huband, Verena Roloff, Cathy Bennett
  • Published date 2012-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 15
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Group-based parent training programmes improve the short-term psychosocial wellbeing of parents but impact is not sustained
  • PLS Description This review examines the impact of group-based parenting programmes on aspects of parental psychosocial health such as anxiety, depression, guilt and confidence.
  • Title Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health
Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries
  • Authors Rigmor C. Berg, Eva Denison
  • Published date 2012-06-28
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • PLS Title Interventions to reduce female genital mutilation/cutting affect attitudes, not practices
  • PLS Description FGM/C interventions aim to reduce the occurrence of FGM/C among practicing communities. This review examines the empirical research on the effectiveness of FGM/C interventions. The review also examines the contextual factors that may help explain the effectiveness, or lack thereof, of such interventions.
  • Title Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries
The effects of hot spots policing on crime
  • Authors Anthony Braga, Andrew Papachristos, David Hureau
  • Published date 2012-06-27
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 8
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Hot spots policing is effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of focusing police crime prevention efforts on crime hot spots, and whether focused police actions at specific locations result in crime displacement (i.e. crime moving around the corner) or diffusion (i.e. crime reduction in surrounding areas) of crime control benefits. The review includes 19 studies covering 25 cases. Seventeen of the studies were conducted in the USA.
  • Title The effects of hot spots policing on crime
  • Spanish PLS Las acciones policiales en puntos calientes son eficaces para reducir la delincuencia
  • Spanish PLS Description La mitad de todos los delitos ocurren en áreas pequeñas y localizadas, o puntos calientes. Ejemplos de puntos calientes de delincuencia son los edificios de apartamentos, las esquinas de las calles o un número pequeño de calles de la ciudad. ¿Se puede reducir la delincuencia de manera más eficiente si los agentes de policía centran su atención en estos lugares? O, ¿este estilo de acciones policiales simplemente dará lugar a que la delincuencia se traslade a un lugar distinto? La revisión examina los efectos en la reducción de delincuencia de la concentración de la vigilancia policial en puntos calientes con el propósito de reducirla. Además examina si la delincuencia se traslada a otra área (desplazamiento), o si los beneficios se esparcen, reduciendo la delincuencia en el área circundante (difusión).
  • Norwegian PLS “Hot spot”-politiarbeid (stedsfokusert politiarbeid) er effektivt for å redusere kriminalitet
  • Norwegian PLS Description Halvparten av all kriminalitet skjer i små, lokaliserte problemområder. Eksempler på problemområder er leilighetsgårder, gatehjørner eller enkelte bykvartaler. En oversikt fra Campbell har sett på om kriminalitet kan reduseres mer effektivt hvis polititjenestemenn/kvinner fokuserer på slike områder. Oversikten har også sett på om denne typen politiarbeid vil føre til uønskede effekter som at kriminaliteten forflyttes til et annet sted. Oversikten undersøker den kriminalitetsreduserende effekten av å fokusere på problemområder for å redusere kriminalitet, hvorvidt det bare fører til at kriminaliteten flyttes til et annet sted (forflytning), eller om fordelene forplanter seg slik at kriminaliteten i omkringliggende områder også blir redusert (spredning).
  • French PLS La mise en place de patrouilles de police dans « les points chauds » réduit la criminalité
  • French PLS Description Plus de la moitié des crimes se passe dans de tous petits territoires définis, également appelés « points chauds ». Ceux-ci peuvent être des adresses précises, des portions de rue ou des carrefours, identifiés en fonction des activités délinquantes qui s’y déroulent. Les questions abordées sont : est-ce que la criminalité peut être réduite si la police concentre ses efforts sur ces zones à risques ? Ce genre de maintien de l’ordre résulte-t-il à déplacer le problème ailleurs ? Cette revue systématique examine les conséquences de patrouiller dans les points chauds sur la réduction de la criminalité. A savoir si, soit cette criminalité se déplace sur une autre zone (« déplacement »), ou bien si les effets bénéfiques des interventions se propagent, réduisant aussi la criminalité sur les zones avoisinantes (« diffusion »).
Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
  • Authors Brandy R Maynard, Katherine Tyson McCrea, Michael S. Kelly
  • Published date 2012-05-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 10
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Truancy programmes increase school attendance, but better programmes and evidence are needed.
  • PLS Description Truancy has serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, families, schools and communities. Truancy intervention programs aim to mitigate such problems using different modalities to increase student attendance. This review examines the effect of truancy interventions on chronically truant students' school attendance.
  • Title Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
  • Authors Anthony A. Braga, David L. Weisburd
  • Published date 2012-03-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Focused deterrence strategies (“Pulling Levers”) are effective in reducing crime
  • PLS Description Focused deterrence strategies tackle a particular crime problem by applying a varied menu of sanctions (“pulling levers”) as well as focusing social services and community resources on targeted offenders, and communicating with offenders about the attention they are receiving. These strategies have been successful in reducing crime.
  • Title The effects of ‘pulling levers’ focused deterrence strategies on crime
Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
  • Authors Ojmarrh Mitchell, David Wilson, Amy Eggers, Doris MacKenzie
  • Published date 2012-02-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Drug Courts: More Effective in Reducing Drug Use and Reoffending in Adults than Juveniles
  • PLS Description This systematic review examines the effectiveness of drug courts, including drug courts for juvenile and drunk driving (DWI) offenders, in reducing recidivism compared to the standard justice system. The review critically assesses these courts’ effects on recidivism in the short and long term. It also assesses the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, as well as the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness.
  • Title Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults
Home-based child development interventions for pre-school children from socially-disadvantaged families
  • Authors Sarah Miller, Lisa K. Maguire, Geraldine Macdonald
  • Published date 2012-01-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Home-based interventions do not improve child development outcomes for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families
  • PLS Description This review examines the effectiveness of home-based interventions aimed primarily at improving developmental outcomes for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families.
  • Title Home-based child development interventions for pre-school children from socially-disadvantaged families
The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
  • Authors Regina Oliver, Daniel Reschly, Joseph Wehby
  • Published date 2011-06-24
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 7
  • Issue nr 4
  • PLS Title Effective multi-component classroom management programmes seem to improve student behaviour in the classroom but further research is needed
  • PLS Description Effective classroom management is a preventive approach which establishes a positive classroom environment in which the teacher focuses on appropriate student behaviour. This review studies the effect of multi-component classroom management programmes on disruptive behaviours, and which of the components are most effective.
  • Title The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
Interventions for children, youth and parents to prevent and reduce cyber abuse
  • Authors Faye Mishna, Charlene Cook, Robert MacFadden, Michael Saini, Meng-Jia Wu
  • Published date 2009-06-05
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary
  • Volume 5
  • PLS Title Cyber abuse interventions increase knowledge on internet safety but do not decrease risky online behaviour
  • PLS Description While there are many benefits from the internet, it is a potential site for abuse and victimisation. The prevalence of cyber abuse (activities such as cyber bullying, cyber stalking, cyber sexual solicitation, and cyber pornography) is a growing problem. This review examines the effectiveness of cyber abuse interventions in increasing knowledge about internet safety and decreasing risky online behaviour.
  • Title Interventions for children, youth and parents to prevent and reduce cyber abuse
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