Search Result: 60 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Interventions to improve the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees
  • Authors Eleanor Ott, Paul Montgomery
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title There is no rigorous evidence on how to improve outcomes for resettled refugees
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of programmes on the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees. The review identified 23 relevant studies but none of these could be included in the analysis due weaknesses in study design.
  • Title Interventions to improve the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees
Cognitive-behavioural therapies for young people in outpatient treatment for non-opioid drug use
  • Authors Trine Filges, Anne-Sofie Due Knudsen, Majken Mosegaard Svendsen, Krystyna Kowalski, Lars Benjaminsen, Anne-Marie Klint Jorgensen
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 3
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies to Treat Non-Opioid Drug Use in Young People is No Better or Worse than Other Treatments
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) when used in outpatient settings to reduce drug use (of e.g. cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, or cocaine) among young people aged 13-21. The review summarizes findings from seven studies, all of which were randomised controlled trials.
  • Title Cognitive-behavioural therapies for young people in outpatient treatment for non-opioid drug use
The effects on re-offending of custodial vs non-custodial sanctions
  • Authors Patrice Villettaz, Gwladys Gillieron, Martin Killias
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Effects of custodial versus non-custodial sanctions on re-offending
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review compares effects of custodial and non-custodial sentences on reoffending. The authors found fourteen high-quality studies, including three randomised controlled trials and two natural experiments.
  • Title The effects on re-offending of custodial vs non-custodial sanctions
Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Cyrus Samii, Matthew Lisiecki, Parashar Kulkarni, Laura Paler, Larry Chavis
  • Published date 2014-12-19
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Payment for Environmental Services Have Only Modest Effects on Deforestation
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programmes on deforestation and poverty, and whether environmental and poverty reduction goals conflict with one another. The review summarizes evidence from 11 studies covering six PES programmes in four countries.
  • Title Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
School-based interventions to reduce dating and sexual violence
  • Authors Lisa De La Rue, Joshua Polanin, Dorothy Espelage, Terri Pigott
  • Published date 2014-11-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 7
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title School-based programs to prevent dating violence do not change behavior
  • PLS Description School-based programmes to prevent violencein dating relationships improve knowledgeabout violence, attitudes that are less acceptingof violence in relationships, and awareness ofappropriate attitudes to conflict resolution. Butthey little impact on behaviour change.
  • Title School-based interventions to reduce dating and sexual violence
Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Birte Snilstveit, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Martina Vojtkova, Jock Anderson, Howard White
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Farmer field schools improve agricultural practices, and yields and incomes in small pilot programmes, but not in large-scale programmes
  • PLS Description The purpose of farmer field schools is to improve farmers’ skills to empower them to make better decisions. Different programmes have different objectives, but they often aim to reduce pesticides use, promote better farming practices and boost yields or income. Field schools use facilitators who employ participatory, experiential learning methods over an entire growing season. For example, farmer field schools use ‘practice plots’ where farmers can compare results from different farming methods. In contrast to traditional agricultural extension projects, which mainly teach simple practices such as applying fertilisers, farmer field schools often teach holistic techniques, such as integrated pest management. Farmer field schools have been widely used across Asia, Africa and Latin America, reaching an estimated 10–15 million farmers. This review examines the effectiveness of farmer field schools in changing farmer knowledge and practice, and improving yields, income, environmental impact and farmer empowerment.
  • Title Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
Home visits for prevention of impairment and death in older adults
  • Authors Sean Grant, Amanda Parsons, Jennifer Burton, Paul Montgomery, Kristen Underhill, Evan Mayo-Wilson
  • Published date 2014-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary Data
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 3
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Home visits appear not to be effective, but better evidence may show some benefits for some groups from some interventions
  • PLS Description This review examines the effectiveness of home visits in reducing impairment, institutionalization, and death in older adults. Factors that may moderate effects are identified.
  • Title Home visits for prevention of impairment and death in older adults
Corporate crime deterrence
  • Authors Sally Simpson, Melissa Rorie, Mariel Elise Alper, Natalie Schell-Busey, William Laufer, N. Craig Smith
  • Published date 2014-05-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Corporate Crime: Laws and Regulations Have Only Small Effects on Corporations
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of interventions to deter corporate crime. The review examines the effectiveness of formal legal and administrative strategies to lower the risk of non-compliance. The authors summarized 106 studies of corporate crime prevention and control.
  • Title Corporate crime deterrence
Kinship care for the safety, permanency and well-being of children removed from the home for maltreatment
  • Authors Marc Winokur, Amy Holtan, Keri Batchelder
  • Published date 2014-03-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 2
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Health and well-being of children placed in kinship care is better than that of children in foster care
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines whether kinship care is more effective than foster care in ensuring the safety, permanency and wellbeing of children removed from their home for maltreatment. The review summarizes findings from 102 studies involving 666,615 children. 71 of these studies were included in meta-analyses.
  • Title Kinship care for the safety, permanency and well-being of children removed from the home for maltreatment
The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries
  • Authors Steven Lawry, Cyrus Samii, Ruth Hall, Aaron Leopold, Donna Hornby, Farai Mtero
  • Published date 2014-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in Africa
  • PLS Description Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in AfricaFarmers who have secure land rights can invest in long-term improvements to their farms without worrying that their land will be confiscated. Formalizing property rights may improve agricultural productivity, increase farmer income and improve access to credit. The most common approach to strengthening land rights in Latin America and Asia is to convert communal or non-demarcated rural land to freehold title, then register rights to the land in an official registry. In Africa, the more common approach is to demarcate and register existing customary rights. Underlying ownership remains with the state, and land sales are often restricted. This review examines the evidence on the impacts of such interventions on agricultural and livelihood outcomes in rural areas in low and middle-income countries.
  • Title The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries
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