Search Result: 64 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years
  • Authors Elizabeth Kristjansson, Damian K Francis, Selma Liberato, Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Vivian Andrea Welch, Malek Batal, Trisha Greenhalgh, Tamara Rader, Eamonn Noonan, Beverley J. Shea, Laura Janzen, George A. Wells, Mark Petticrew
  • Published date 2015-05-04
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Nutrition, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Food supplementation is more effective if better targeted and supervised
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines whether food supplementation is effective in improving the health of disadvantaged children under 5. The review summarises findings from 32 studies: 21 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and 11 controlled before-and-after studies (CBAs).
  • Title Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years
Parent-infant psychotherapy for improving parental and infant mental health
  • Authors Jane Barlow, Cathy Bennett, Nick Midgley, Soili Larkin, Yinghui Wei
  • Published date 2015-03-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Parent-Infant Psychotherapy appears not to be more effective than alternative treatments in improving maternal or infant mental health
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review compares the effectiveness of Parent-Infant Psychotherapy (PIP) in improving the mental health of parents, the parent-infant relationship and infant emotional wellbeing with that of no treatment, treatment as usual and alternative treatments. The review summarises findings from eight randomised controlled trials (RCTs), with a total of 846 participants.
  • Title Parent-infant psychotherapy for improving parental and infant mental health
  • Spanish PLS La psicoterapia infanto-parental (PIP) para madres de alto riesgo puede llevar a mejores resultados en comparación a no recibir ningún tipo de tratamiento, pero no a mejores resultados que los tratamientos alternativos
  • Spanish PLS Description La PIP tiene el objetivo de abordar los problemas de los infantes, tales como los trastornos emocionales, conductuales, alimentarios y de sueño. También tiene como objetivo abordar los problemas en la relación de los padres con un infante, tales como dificultades en la creación de vínculos afectivos o baja
  • Norwegian PLS Psykoterapi til foreldre og spedbarn for høyrisikomødre kan være bedre enn ingen behandling, men ikke bedre enn alternative behandlinger
  • Norwegian PLS Description PFS har som formål å bedre emosjonelle problemer, atferdsproblemer, spiseproblemer og søvnproblemer hos spedbarn. Terapien tar også for seg problemer knyttet til foreldrenes relasjon til spedbarnet, for eksempel tilknytningsvansker eller lav sensitivitet. PFS gis til foreldre og barn sammen, og ofte gjennom ukentlige møter over 5 til 20 uker. Denne oversikten undersøker om bruk av PFS til spedbarnsmødre som opplever motgang i livet er effektivt med tanke på å bedre den mentale helsen til mor og barn samt mor-barn-relasjonen. Oversikten vurderer også hvor effektivt PFS er når det gjelder mors omsorgsevne, og stress og utvikling hos barnet.
Effect of interventions to facilitate communication between families or single young people with minority language background and public services
  • Authors Sabine Wollscheid, Heather Menzies Munthe-Kaas, Karianne Thune Hammerstrøm, Eamonn Noonan
  • Published date 2015-03-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 7
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Better Communication between Public Services and Minority Language Speakers
  • PLS Description This systematic review examines whether aids for communication are effective between public services and children and youth, or families with an immigrant background. The researchers analyse relevant studies, and the team included four comparative studies, three for health services and one for education.
  • Title Effect of interventions to facilitate communication between families or single young people with minority language background and public services
Behavioral, psychological, educational and vocational interventions to facilitate employment outcomes for cancer survivors
  • Authors Carlton J. Fong, Kathleen Murphy, John D. Westbrook, Minda Markle
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 5
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Employment status of cancer survivors improve with multi-component support programmes
  • PLS Description There is promising evidence that psychosocialinterventions may improve employment statusfor cancer survivors, but don't have an effect onhours of work or sick leave. These interventionsrange from information sessions and vocationaltraining workshops to counselling and physicaltherapy.
  • Title Behavioral, psychological, educational and vocational interventions to facilitate employment outcomes for cancer survivors
Interventions to improve the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees
  • Authors Eleanor Ott, Paul Montgomery
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 4
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title There is no rigorous evidence on how to improve outcomes for resettled refugees
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of programmes on the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees. The review identified 23 relevant studies but none of these could be included in the analysis due weaknesses in study design.
  • Title Interventions to improve the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees
Cognitive-behavioural therapies for young people in outpatient treatment for non-opioid drug use
  • Authors Trine Filges, Anne-Sofie Due Knudsen, Majken Mosegaard Svendsen, Krystyna Kowalski, Lars Benjaminsen, Anne-Marie Klint Jorgensen
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 3
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies to Treat Non-Opioid Drug Use in Young People is No Better or Worse than Other Treatments
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) when used in outpatient settings to reduce drug use (of e.g. cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, or cocaine) among young people aged 13-21. The review summarizes findings from seven studies, all of which were randomised controlled trials.
  • Title Cognitive-behavioural therapies for young people in outpatient treatment for non-opioid drug use
The effects on re-offending of custodial vs non-custodial sanctions
  • Authors Patrice Villettaz, Gwladys Gillieron, Martin Killias
  • Published date 2015-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Effects of custodial versus non-custodial sanctions on re-offending
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review compares effects of custodial and non-custodial sentences on reoffending. The authors found fourteen high-quality studies, including three randomised controlled trials and two natural experiments.
  • Title The effects on re-offending of custodial vs non-custodial sanctions
Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Cyrus Samii, Matthew Lisiecki, Parashar Kulkarni, Laura Paler, Larry Chavis
  • Published date 2014-12-19
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Payment for Environmental Services Have Only Modest Effects on Deforestation
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programmes on deforestation and poverty, and whether environmental and poverty reduction goals conflict with one another. The review summarizes evidence from 11 studies covering six PES programmes in four countries.
  • Title Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
School-based interventions to reduce dating and sexual violence
  • Authors Lisa De La Rue, Joshua Polanin, Dorothy Espelage, Terri Pigott
  • Published date 2014-11-03
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 7
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title School-based programs to prevent dating violence do not change behavior
  • PLS Description School-based programmes to prevent violencein dating relationships improve knowledge about violence, attitudes that are less accepting of violence in relationships, and awareness of appropriate attitudes to conflict resolution. But there is little impact on behaviour change.
  • Title School-based interventions to reduce dating and sexual violence
Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Birte Snilstveit, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Martina Vojtkova, Jock Anderson, Howard White
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Farmer field schools improve agricultural practices, yields and incomes in small pilot programmes, but not in large-scale programmes
  • PLS Description The purpose of farmer field schools is to improve farmers’ skills to empower them to make better decisions. Different programmes have different objectives, but they often aim to reduce pesticides use, promote better farming practices and boost yields or income. Field schools use facilitators who employ participatory, experiential learning methods over an entire growing season. For example, farmer field schools use ‘practice plots’ where farmers can compare results from different farming methods. In contrast to traditional agricultural extension projects, which mainly teach simple practices such as applying fertilisers, farmer field schools often teach holistic techniques, such as integrated pest management. Farmer field schools have been widely used across Asia, Africa and Latin America, reaching an estimated 10–15 million farmers. This review examines the effectiveness of farmer field schools in changing farmer knowledge and practice, and improving yields, income, environmental impact and farmer empowerment.
  • Title Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
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