Search Result: 145 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well-being of children in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Vivian Andrea Welch, Shally Awasthi, Chisa Cumberbatch, Robert Fletcher, Jessie McGowan, Katelyn Merritt, Shari Krishnaratne, Salim Sohani, Peter Tugwell, George A. Wells
  • Published date 2016-09-27
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Mass deworming programmes have little or no effect on most welfare outcomes
  • PLS Description The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mass deworming of children to improve child health and other outcomes is debated. This independent analysis reinforces the case against mass deworming, finding little or no effect on most welfare outcomes.
  • Title Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well-being of children in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de desparasitación masiva producen efectos marginales o ningún efecto en la mayoría de los resultados sobre temas de bienestar
  • Spanish PLS Description La helmintiasis y la esquistosomiasis transmitidas por el suelo afectan a más de un tercio de la población mundial. En este sentido, existe debate sobre la eficacia, por un lado, y qué tan efectivas en función de costos son las desparasitaciones masivas de niños. La presente revisión evalúa los efectos producidos por desparasitaciones masivas de helmintos transmitidos por el suelo en el crecimiento, los logros educacionales, la cognición, la asistencia a la escuela y la calidad de vida, además de ciertos efectos adversos en niños que habitan zonas endémicas.
Employment interventions for return-to-work in working-age adults following traumatic brain injury
  • Authors Carolyn Graham, Michael West, Jessica Bourdon, Katherine J. Inge
  • Published date 2016-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Interventions for adults with traumatic brain injury may improve employment status
  • PLS Description Programs for adults who have suffered traumatic brain injury may improve employment status. All programs lead to employment, although no single program was more effective than the other programs.
  • Title Employment interventions for return-to-work in working-age adults following traumatic brain injury
Interventions for promoting reintegration and reducing harmful behaviour and lifestyles in street-connected children and young people
  • Authors Esther Coren, Rosa Hossain, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Mirella Veras, Kabita Chakraborty, Holly Harris, Anne J. Martin
  • Published date 2016-07-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Lack of evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to reintegrate street-connected children
  • PLS Description This Campbell review assesses the effectiveness of interventions for improving outcomes among street-connected children and young people, and for reducing some important health-related risks; and to improve access to and integration into society, education, and employment opportunities.
  • Title Interventions for promoting reintegration and reducing harmful behaviour and lifestyles in street-connected children and young people
Parental, community and familial support interventions to improve children’s literacy in developing countries
  • Authors Elizabeth Spier, Pia Britto, Terri Pigott, Eugene Roehlkapartain, Michael McCarthy, Yael Kidron, Mengli Song, Peter Scales, Dan Wagner, Julia Lane, Janis Glover
  • Published date 2016-03-23
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Limited evidence of effectiveness for home or community-based child literacy programmes yet some approaches improve outcomes
  • PLS Description For a majority of the world’s children academic learning is neither occurring at expected rates nor supplying the basic foundational skills necessary to succeed in the 21st century. This review examines the availability of evidence and its findings about the effectiveness of interventions to improve parental, familial, and community support for children’s literacy development in developing countries.
  • Title Parental, community and familial support interventions to improve children’s literacy in developing countries
  • Spanish PLS Evidencia limitada de la eficacia de los programas de alfabetización infantil basados en el hogar o en la comunidad, aunque algunos enfoques mejoran los resultados
  • Spanish PLS Description Para la mayoría de los niños del mundo, el aprendizaje académico no se produce alcanzando las tasas esperadas, ni proporciona las habilidades básicas necesarias para tener éxito en el siglo XXI. Esta revisión examina la disponibilidad de evidencia y sus hallazgos sobre la eficacia de las intervenciones para mejorar el apoyo de padres, familias y la comunidad para el desarrollo de la alfabetización de los niños en los países en desarrollo.
Juvenile curfew effects on criminal behavior and victimization
  • Authors David Wilson, Charlotte Gill, Ajima Olaghere, Dave McClure
  • Published date 2016-03-23
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Issue nr 3
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Juvenile curfews are not effective in reducing crime and victimization
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of juvenile curfews on crime and victimization. The review summarizes findings from 12 studies. The search for this review was updated in March 2014, and the review published in March 2016.
  • Title Juvenile curfew effects on criminal behavior and victimization
  • Spanish PLS Los toques de queda juveniles no son eficaces para reducir la delincuencia y la victimización
  • Spanish PLS Description Los estudios incluidos ponen a prueba la eficacia de una política oficial estatal o local destinada a restringir, o de cualquier otra forma penalizar, la presencia de un menor en un lugar fuera del hogar durante ciertas horas del día. Esta ha sido una medida preventiva general dirigida a todos los jóvenes dentro de un cierto rango de edad y no una sanción impuesta a un joven específico.Se incluyen en la revisión 12 evaluaciones cuantitativas de los efectos que tienen los toques de queda en la conducta delincuencial juvenil o la victimización.
Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial well-being of women who experience intimate partner abuse
  • Authors Carol Rivas, Jean Ramsay, Laura Sadowski, Leslie Davidson, Danielle Dunne, Sandra Eldridge, Kelsey Hegarty, Angela Taft, Gene Feder
  • Published date 2016-01-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary Previous version Data
  • Volume 12
  • Issue nr 2
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Limited evidence and limited effects of advocacy to reduce intimate partner violence
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of advocacy interventions on intimate partner violence and women's wellbeing. The review summarizes findings from 13 studies.
  • Title Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial well-being of women who experience intimate partner abuse
  • Spanish PLS Evidencia e incidencia limitada de las actividades de apoyo para reducir la violencia de pareja
  • Spanish PLS Description El abuso de pareja o la violencia doméstica es común en todo el mundo. Incluye abuso físico, emocional y sexual, amenazas, retención de dinero, infligir lesiones y problemas de salud física y emocional que perduran por un largo período. La asistencia activa de personas capacitadas, que se denomina “actividades de apoyo” puede ayudar a las mujeres a hacer planes de seguridad, a lidiar con el abuso, y a acceder a los recursos de la comunidad. Las actividades de apoyo pueden darse como un servicio independiente, la aceptación de remisiones para recibir servicios de proveedores de atención médica, o puede ser parte de una intervención de múltiples componentes y, posiblemente, de múltiples agencias. Puede llevarse a cabo en la comunidad, en un refugio, o como parte del cuidado prenatal o de otro tipo de atención de salud, y varía en intensidad de menos de una hora a 80 horas. Las actividades de apoyo pueden contribuir a reducir el abuso, a empoderar a las mujeres para mejorar su situación al brindar asesoramiento y apoyo informal para la planificación de seguridad y para incrementar el acceso a diferentes servicios.
The impacts of business support services for small and medium enterprises on firm performance in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Caio Piza, Tulio Antonio Cravo, Linnet Taylor, Lauro Gonzalez, Isabel Musse, Isabela Furtado, Ana C. Sierra, Samer Abdelnour
  • Published date 2016-01-04
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Business support services to small and medium enterprises seem to improve firm performance
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of business support services in low - and middle-income countries on firm performance and economic development. The review summarizes findings from 40 studies.
  • Title The impacts of business support services for small and medium enterprises on firm performance in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Los servicios de apoyo empresarial para pequeñas y medianas empresas parecen mejorar el desempeño de las mismas
  • Spanish PLS Description Se destinan grandes cantidades de fondos a programas de apoyo a pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMES) en países de ingresos bajos y medianos con el fin de aumentar los ingresos y beneficios, generar empleo y, de esta manera, promover el crecimiento económico y reducir la pobreza. Esta revisión de Campbell resume la evidencia del impacto de estos programas en las medidas de desempeño de las PYMES, incluyendo los ingresos, las ganancias y la productividad, así como la capacidad de las empresas para generar empleo y aumentar su productividad laboral.
Preventive interventions to reduce youth gang violence in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Angela Higginson, Kathryn Ham Benier, Yulia Shenderovich, Laura Bedford, Lorraine Mazerolle, Joseph Murray
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title There are no rigorous studies of preventive interventions to reduce youth involvement in gangs in low- and middle-income countries
  • PLS Description Youth gang crime poses a serious problem for low and middle-income countries costing billions of dollars in harm, loss of life and social disruption. Preventive interventions are intended to stop crime before it occurs, either by preventing youth from joining gangs or by reducing recidivism by rehabilitating gang members outside of the criminal justice system. This review examines the effectiveness of these preventive interventions in achieving their aims, as well as identifying factors behind successful implementation in low and middle-income countries.
  • Title Preventive interventions to reduce youth gang violence in low- and middle-income countries
Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
  • Authors Lana Augustincic Polec, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Andrea Welch, Erin Ueffing, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Mark Grabowsky, Amir Attaran, George A. Wells, Peter Tugwell
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 17
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Free bednets increase ownership, and education can increase use
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effectiveness of economic and educational strategies for ownership and appropriate use of insecticide-treated bednets in developing countries.
  • Title Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
Interventions to improve the labour market situation of adults with physical and/or sensory disabilities in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Janice Tripney, Alan Roulstone, Nina Hogrebe, Carol Vigurs, Elena Schmidt, Ruth Stewart
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 20
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Interventions to improve the labour market situation of adults with physical and/or sensory disabilities in low- and middle-income countries
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