Search Result: 23 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Parental, community and familial support interventions to improve children’s literacy in developing countries
  • Authors Elizabeth Spier, Pia Britto, Terri Pigott, Eugene Roehlkapartain, Michael McCarthy, Yael Kidron, Mengli Song, Peter Scales, Dan Wagner, Julia Lane, Janis Glover
  • Published date 2016-03-23
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Limited evidence of effectiveness for home or community-based child literacy programmes yet some approaches improve outcomes
  • PLS Description For a majority of the world’s children academic learning is neither occurring at expected rates nor supplying the basic foundational skills necessary to succeed in the 21st century. This review examines the availability of evidence and its findings about the effectiveness of interventions to improve parental, familial, and community support for children’s literacy development in developing countries.
  • Title Parental, community and familial support interventions to improve children’s literacy in developing countries
  • Spanish PLS Evidencia limitada de la eficacia de los programas de alfabetización infantil basados en el hogar o en la comunidad, aunque algunos enfoques mejoran los resultados
  • Spanish PLS Description Para la mayoría de los niños del mundo, el aprendizaje académico no se produce alcanzando las tasas esperadas, ni proporciona las habilidades básicas necesarias para tener éxito en el siglo XXI. Esta revisión examina la disponibilidad de evidencia y sus hallazgos sobre la eficacia de las intervenciones para mejorar el apoyo de padres, familias y la comunidad para el desarrollo de la alfabetización de los niños en los países en desarrollo.
The impacts of business support services for small and medium enterprises on firm performance in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Caio Piza, Tulio Antonio Cravo, Linnet Taylor, Lauro Gonzalez, Isabel Musse, Isabela Furtado, Ana C. Sierra, Samer Abdelnour
  • Published date 2016-01-04
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 12
  • Issue nr 1
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Business support services to small and medium enterprises seem to improve firm performance
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of business support services in low - and middle-income countries on firm performance and economic development. The review summarizes findings from 40 studies.
  • Title The impacts of business support services for small and medium enterprises on firm performance in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Los servicios de apoyo empresarial para pequeñas y medianas empresas parecen mejorar el desempeño de las mismas
  • Spanish PLS Description Se destinan grandes cantidades de fondos a programas de apoyo a pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMES) en países de ingresos bajos y medianos con el fin de aumentar los ingresos y beneficios, generar empleo y, de esta manera, promover el crecimiento económico y reducir la pobreza. Esta revisión de Campbell resume la evidencia del impacto de estos programas en las medidas de desempeño de las PYMES, incluyendo los ingresos, las ganancias y la productividad, así como la capacidad de las empresas para generar empleo y aumentar su productividad laboral.
Preventive interventions to reduce youth gang violence in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Angela Higginson, Kathryn Ham Benier, Yulia Shenderovich, Laura Bedford, Lorraine Mazerolle, Joseph Murray
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title There are no rigorous studies of preventive interventions to reduce youth involvement in gangs in low- and middle-income countries
  • PLS Description Youth gang crime poses a serious problem for low and middle-income countries costing billions of dollars in harm, loss of life and social disruption. Preventive interventions are intended to stop crime before it occurs, either by preventing youth from joining gangs or by reducing recidivism by rehabilitating gang members outside of the criminal justice system. This review examines the effectiveness of these preventive interventions in achieving their aims, as well as identifying factors behind successful implementation in low and middle-income countries.
  • Title Preventive interventions to reduce youth gang violence in low- and middle-income countries
Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
  • Authors Lana Augustincic Polec, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Andrea Welch, Erin Ueffing, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Mark Grabowsky, Amir Attaran, George A. Wells, Peter Tugwell
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 17
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Free bednets increase ownership, and education can increase use
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effectiveness of economic and educational strategies for ownership and appropriate use of insecticide-treated bednets in developing countries.
  • Title Strategies to increase the ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria
Economic self-help group programs for improving women’s empowerment
  • Authors Carinne Brody, Thomas de Hoop, Martina Vojtkova, Ruby Warnock, Megan Dunbar, Padmini Murthy, Shari L. Dworkin
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Economic Self-Help Groups empower women
  • PLS Description Women’s economic self-help groups (SHGs) have positive effects on the economic, social and political empowerment of women in low-and middle-income countries.
  • Title Economic self-help group programs for improving women’s empowerment
  • Spanish PLS Los grupos de autoayuda económica empoderan a las mujeres
  • Spanish PLS Description Los grupos de autoayuda económica (ESHG, por sus siglas en inglés) son programas grupales cuyo objetivo es brindar a las mujeres acceso al capital para empoderarlas económicamente. Los ESHG comienzan con un período de ahorro colectivo para facilitar los préstamos dentro del grupo, y así, gradualmente, ofrecer préstamos más grandes. Algunos ESHG incluyen componentes de habilidades para la vida, habilidades comerciales y financieras, y participación comunitaria. Esta revisión examina el impacto de los ESHG en el empoderamiento individual de las mujeres en países de ingresos medios y bajos. Se evalúan los resultados desfavorables de los ESHG en cuanto a violencia doméstica, estigma, decepción y bienestar individual. Finalmente, la revisión describe los mecanismos por los cuales los ESHG llevaron a las mujeres al empoderamiento.
Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Valentina Iemmi, Lorna Gibson, Karl Blanchet, Suresh Kumar, Santosh Rath, Sally Hartley, GVS Murthy, Vikram Patel, Joerg Weber, Hannah Kuper
  • Published date 2015-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 15
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Positive effects from community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-income countries
  • PLS Description Community-based rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on the lives of people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Title Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries
Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years
  • Authors Elizabeth Kristjansson, Damian K Francis, Selma Liberato, Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Vivian Andrea Welch, Malek Batal, Trisha Greenhalgh, Tamara Rader, Eamonn Noonan, Beverley J. Shea, Laura Janzen, George A. Wells, Mark Petticrew
  • Published date 2015-05-04
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Nutrition, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 11
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Food supplementation is more effective if better targeted and supervised
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines whether food supplementation is effective in improving the health of disadvantaged children under 5. The review summarises findings from 32 studies: 21 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and 11 controlled before-and-after studies (CBAs).
  • Title Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years
Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Cyrus Samii, Matthew Lisiecki, Parashar Kulkarni, Laura Paler, Larry Chavis
  • Published date 2014-12-19
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Payment for Environmental Services Have Only Modest Effects on Deforestation
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programmes on deforestation and poverty, and whether environmental and poverty reduction goals conflict with one another. The review summarizes evidence from 11 studies covering six PES programmes in four countries.
  • Title Effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries
Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Birte Snilstveit, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Martina Vojtkova, Jock Anderson, Howard White
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Farmer field schools improve agricultural practices, yields and incomes in small pilot programmes, but not in large-scale programmes
  • PLS Description The purpose of farmer field schools is to improve farmers’ skills to empower them to make better decisions. Different programmes have different objectives, but they often aim to reduce pesticides use, promote better farming practices and boost yields or income. Field schools use facilitators who employ participatory, experiential learning methods over an entire growing season. For example, farmer field schools use ‘practice plots’ where farmers can compare results from different farming methods. In contrast to traditional agricultural extension projects, which mainly teach simple practices such as applying fertilisers, farmer field schools often teach holistic techniques, such as integrated pest management. Farmer field schools have been widely used across Asia, Africa and Latin America, reaching an estimated 10–15 million farmers. This review examines the effectiveness of farmer field schools in changing farmer knowledge and practice, and improving yields, income, environmental impact and farmer empowerment.
  • Title Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries
  • Authors Steven Lawry, Cyrus Samii, Ruth Hall, Aaron Leopold, Donna Hornby, Farai Mtero
  • Published date 2014-01-02
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • PLS Title Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in Africa
  • PLS Description Land property rights interventions improve agricultural productivity and investment in Latin America and Asia, but less in AfricaFarmers who have secure land rights can invest in long-term improvements to their farms without worrying that their land will be confiscated. Formalizing property rights may improve agricultural productivity, increase farmer income and improve access to credit. The most common approach to strengthening land rights in Latin America and Asia is to convert communal or non-demarcated rural land to freehold title, then register rights to the land in an official registry. In Africa, the more common approach is to demarcate and register existing customary rights. Underlying ownership remains with the state, and land sales are often restricted. This review examines the evidence on the impacts of such interventions on agricultural and livelihood outcomes in rural areas in low and middle-income countries.
  • Title The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries
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