Search Result: 84 Records found
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Effects of bystander programs on the prevention of sexual assault among adolescents and college students
  • Authors Heather Hensman Kettrey, Robert A. Marx, Emily E. Tanner-Smith
  • Published date 2019-01-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 15
  • PLS Title Bystander programs increase bystander intervention but no effect on perpetrating sexual assault
  • PLS Description Sexual assault is a significant problem among adolescents and college students across the world. One promising strategy for preventing these assaults is the implementation of bystander sexual assault prevention programs, which encourage young people to intervene when witnessing incidents or warning signs of sexual assault. This review examines the effects bystander programs have on knowledge and attitudes concerning sexual assault and bystander behavior, bystander intervention when witnessing sexual assault or its warning signs, and participants’ rates of perpetration of sexual assault.
  • Title Effects of bystander programs on the prevention of sexual assault among adolescents and college students
Access to justice for the poor and disadvantaged in low- and middle-income countries: an evidence and gap map
  • Authors Howard White, Angela Higginson, Ashrita Saran, Jill Adona, Roland Bless Taremwa, Benjamin Kachero
  • Published date 2018-12-18
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Campbell innovations Evidence and gap map
  • Title Access to justice for the poor and disadvantaged in low- and middle-income countries: an evidence and gap map
Factors associated with youth gang membership in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Angela Higginson, Kathryn Benier, Yulia Shenderovich, Laura Bedford, Lorraine Mazerolle, Joseph Murray
  • Published date 2018-11-29
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Evidence shows which factors predict gang membership in low- and middle-income countries, but more studies needed
  • PLS Description Youth gang membership is associated with delinquency, violent crime and trafficking – and gang members are themselves frequently the victims of these offences. Yet youth gangs can also provide a form of social capital, a sense of belonging and purpose to disenfranchised youth. This review identifies the factors associated with young people joining gangs, and the differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved youth. Understanding these associations is essential to reduce the levels of gang membership and the incidence of related violence.
  • Title Factors associated with youth gang membership in low- and middle-income countries
The effectiveness of street outreach worker programs for reducing violence
  • Authors Edward R. Maguire, Cody W. Telep, Thomas Abt
  • Published date 2018-11-09
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Title The effectiveness of street outreach worker programs for reducing violence
The impacts of body-worn cameras in policing
  • Authors Cynthia Lum, Christopher S. Koper, David Wilson, Lorraine Mazerolle, Elizabeth Eggins, Angela Higginson, Megan Stoltz, Xiaoyun Wu
  • Published date 2018-10-26
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Title The impacts of body-worn cameras in policing
Counter-narratives for the prevention of violent radicalisation: a systematic review of targeted interventions
  • Authors Sarah L. Carthy, Colm B. Doody, Denis O’Hora, Kiran M. Sarma
  • Published date 2018-09-24
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol
  • Title Counter-narratives for the prevention of violent radicalisation: a systematic review of targeted interventions
Policy brief 5: Effectiveness of focused policing strategies
  • Authors Ruth Pitt
  • Published date 2018-08-22
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Policy brief
  • Title Policy brief 5: Effectiveness of focused policing strategies
Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability in the criminal justice system
  • Authors Eddie Chaplin, Jane McCarthy, Debbie Spain, Barry Tolchard, Sally Hardy, Karina Marshall-Tate, Andrew Forrester
  • Published date 2018-06-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Title Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability in the criminal justice system
Effectiveness of alternative dispute resolutions in improving case disposal in the judicial system in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Benjamin Kachero, Ekwaro A. Obuku, Josephine Watera, Roland Bless Taremwa, Rashid Nguma Adrama
  • Published date 2018-06-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title
  • Title Effectiveness of alternative dispute resolutions in improving case disposal in the judicial system in low- and middle-income countries
Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior
  • Authors David B. Wilson, Iain Brennan, Ajima Olaghere
  • Published date 2018-06-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 14
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Police-led diversion of low-risk youth reduces their future contact with the justice system
  • PLS Description Youth misconduct and misbehavior is a normal part of adolescence and that misbehavior sometimes crosses the line from disruptive or problematic to delinquent. Nationally representative surveys of youth in the USA have indicated that minor delinquent behavior is normative, particularly for boys. The normative nature of minor delinquent behavior raises the question of how police should respond to minor delinquent behavior in a way that is corrective, but also avoids involving the youth in the criminal justice system beyond what will be effective in reducing future misbehavior. Police diversion schemes are a collection of strategies police can apply as an alternative to court processing of youth. Diversion as an option is popular among law enforcement officers, as it provides an option between ignoring youth engaged in minor wrongdoing and formally charging such youth with a crime. Police-led diversion has the potential to to reduce reoffending by limiting the exposure of low-risk youth to potentially harmful effects of engagement with the criminal justice system. This review examined whether police-led diversion and traditional processing of youth have different effects on rates of official delinquency.
  • Title Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior
  • Spanish PLS La reorientación policial para jóvenes de bajo riesgo reduce sus posibilidades de ingresar en el sistema de penal más adelante
  • Spanish PLS Description La mala conducta es parte normal de la adolescencia, aunque a veces pasa de ser simplemente disruptiva o problemática a transformarse en algo netamente delictivo. Los sondeos a escala nacional acerca de los jóvenes en los EE.UU. indican que la conducta delictual leve es normal, especialmente en el caso de los varones. Esta normalidad del comportamiento delictivo leve plantea la cuestión de cómo la policía debe responder a ella para corregirla, pero que también evite involucrar a los jóvenes con el sistema penal más allá de lo que se considera efectivo para reducir la mala conducta en el futuro. Los programas de reorientación policial son un conjunto de estrategias que la policía puede implementar para los jóvenes como una alternativa al procesamiento judicial. La reorientación es bien recibida por los policías, ya que permite un camino alternativo entre el ignorar a los jóvenes involucrados en delitos leves y el acusarlos formalmente de cometer un delito. La reorientación policial tiene el potencial de reducir la reincidencia al limitar la exposición de los jóvenes de bajo riesgo a los efectos potencialmente dañinos de verse involucrados con el sistema penal. Esta revisión examinó si la reorientación policial y el procesamiento tradicional de los jóvenes tienen efectos distintos sobre las tasas de delincuencia oficial.
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