Search Result: 14 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability
  • Authors Hanne Næss Hjetland, Ellen Irén Brinchmann, Ronny Scherer, Monica Melby-Lervåg
  • Published date 2017-12-15
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Preschool language skills are associated with better reading comprehension at school
  • PLS Description Determining how to provide the best instruction to support children’s reading comprehension requires an understanding of how reading comprehension actually develops. To promote our understanding of this process, this review summarizes evidence from observations of the development of language and reading comprehension from the preschool years into school. The main outcome in this review is reading comprehension skills. Understanding the development of reading comprehension and its precursors can help us develop hypotheses about what effective instruction must comprise to facilitate well-functioning reading comprehension skills. These hypotheses can be tested in randomized controlled trials.
  • Title Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability
The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Giel Ton, Sam Desiere, Wytse Vellema, Sophia Weituschat, Marijke D'Haese
  • Published date 2017-12-12
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Contract farming improves incomes for better-off farmers
  • PLS Description Contract farming is a sales arrangement agreed before production begins, which provides the farmer with resources or services. The service package provided by the firm varies per location, and can include transport, certification, input provisioning and credit. This systematic review summarises evidence on income effects for smallholders to assess average effects and explore combinations of factors that increase these effects.
  • Title The effectiveness of contract farming for raising income of smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries
Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
  • Authors Jochen Kluve, Susana Puerto, David Robalino, Jose Manuel Romero, Friederike Rother, Jonathan Stöterau, Felix Weidenkaff, Marc Witte
  • Published date 2017-12-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Active labour market programmes for youth increase employment and earnings. Effects vary between programmes and context.
  • PLS Description This systematic review assesses the impact of youth employment interventions on the labour market outcomes of young people. The included interventions are training and skills development, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment. Outcomes of interest include employment, earnings and business performance outcomes.
  • Title Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: a systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults
  • Authors Michael de Vibe, Arild Bjørndal, Sabina Fattah, Gunvor M Dyrdal, Even Halland, Emily E Tanner-Smith
  • Published date 2017-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Mindfulness training improves health and quality of life for adults
  • PLS Description Stress and stress-related mental health problems are major causes of illness and disability. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction is a group-based health promotion intervention to improve health and the way people deal with stress and life’s challenges. The core ingredient is mindfulness training through physical and mental exercises practiced daily for eight weeks. The mindful non-judgmental attitude of being present with what arises is practiced in the formal exercises and in everyday situations. This review assesses the effect of MBSR programs on outcome measures of mental and physical health, quality of life and social functioning in adults.
  • Title Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults
The Tools of the Mind curriculum for improving self-regulation in early childhood
  • Authors Alex Baron, Maria Evangelou, Lars-Erik Malmberg, G.J. Melendez-Torres
  • Published date 2017-10-16
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title The Tools of the Mind curriculum improves self-regulation and academic skills in early childhood
  • PLS Description Tools of the Mind (Tools) is an early childhood education curriculum, which involves structured make-believe play scenarios and a series of other curricular activities. Tools aims to promote and improve children’s self-regulation and academic skills by having a dual focus on self-regulation and other social-emotional skills in educational contexts. This review examines the evidence on the effectiveness of tools in promoting children’s self-regulation and academic skills, in order to inform its implementation in schools.
  • Title The Tools of the Mind curriculum for improving self-regulation in early childhood
‘No Excuses’ charter schools for increasing math and literacy achievement in primary and secondary education
  • Authors Sarah Krowka, Alexandria Hadd, Robert Marx
  • Published date 2017-08-28
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title No Excuses charter schools associated with greater gains in math and literacy than traditional public schools
  • PLS Description The No Excuses charter school model focuses heavily on high academic expectations, rigid and consistent discipline, extended instructional time, intensive teacher training, and increased parental involvement. This review examines the effect of No Excuses charter schools on math and literacy achievement. On average, No Excuses charter schools are associated with greater student gains on standardized measures of math and literacy achievement when compared to traditional public schools—with higher gains for math.
  • Title ‘No Excuses’ charter schools for increasing math and literacy achievement in primary and secondary education
Sexual offender treatment for reducing recidivism among convicted sex offenders
  • Authors Martin Schmucker, Friedrich Loesel
  • Published date 2017-07-31
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice
  • Type of document Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Treatment of sexual offenders reduces reoffending, but more research needed to identify effective interventions
  • PLS Description This review integrates findings from six experimental and 21 quasi-experimental studies that compare groups of treated sexual offenders with equivalent control groups. These studies tested whether treated sexual offenders differed from the control groups in sexual and other reoffending.
  • Title Sexual offender treatment for reducing recidivism among convicted sex offenders
Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Emmy De Buck, Hans Van Remoortel, Karin Hannes, Thashlin Govender, Selvan Naidoo, Bert Avau, Axel Vande veegaete, Alfred Musekiwa, Vittoria Lutje, Margaret Cargo, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Taryn Young
  • Published date 2017-05-19
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Community-based approaches are most effective in promoting changes in hygiene practices, but sustainability is a challenge
  • PLS Description Diarrhoeal diseases are very common causes of death in low and middle-income countries. Improved sanitation and hygiene reduce diarrhoea, but adoption remains a challenge.This review assesses the evidence for two questions: (1) how effective are different approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change; and (2) what factors influence the implementation of these approaches?
  • Title Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries
Effect of early, brief computerized interventions on risky alcohol and cannabis use among young people
  • Authors Geir Smedslund, Sabine Wollscheid, Lin Fang, Wendy Nilsen, Asbjørn Steiro, Lillebeth Larun
  • Published date 2017-04-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Computerized brief interventions seem to reduce risky alcohol use among young people; no evidence of effect on cannabis consumption
  • PLS Description This review assesses research on the effectiveness of early, computerized brief interventions on alcohol and cannabis use by young people who are high or risky consumers of either one or both of these substances.
  • Title Effect of early, brief computerized interventions on risky alcohol and cannabis use among young people
Mindfulness-based interventions for improving cognition, academic achievement, behavior and socio-emotional functioning of primary and secondary students
  • Authors Brandy R Maynard, Michael Solis, Veronica Miller, Kristen E. Brendel
  • Published date 2017-03-10
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 13
  • PLS Title Mindfulness-Based Interventions in schools have positive effects on cognitive and socioemotional processes but do not improve behavior and academic achievement
  • PLS Description This review examines the effects of school-based MBIs on cognitive, behavioral, socioemotional and academic achievement outcomes with youth in a primary or secondary school setting.
  • Title Mindfulness-based interventions for improving cognition, academic achievement, behavior and socio-emotional functioning of primary and secondary students
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