Search Result: 37 Records found
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K2_THE_LATEST

Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Hugh Waddington, Birte Snilstveit, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Martina Vojtkova, Jock Anderson, Howard White
  • Published date 2014-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 10
  • Issue nr 6
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Farmer field schools improve agricultural practices, yields and incomes in small pilot programmes, but not in large-scale programmes
  • PLS Description The purpose of farmer field schools is to improve farmers’ skills to empower them to make better decisions. Different programmes have different objectives, but they often aim to reduce pesticides use, promote better farming practices and boost yields or income. Field schools use facilitators who employ participatory, experiential learning methods over an entire growing season. For example, farmer field schools use ‘practice plots’ where farmers can compare results from different farming methods. In contrast to traditional agricultural extension projects, which mainly teach simple practices such as applying fertilisers, farmer field schools often teach holistic techniques, such as integrated pest management. Farmer field schools have been widely used across Asia, Africa and Latin America, reaching an estimated 10–15 million farmers. This review examines the effectiveness of farmer field schools in changing farmer knowledge and practice, and improving yields, income, environmental impact and farmer empowerment.
  • Title Farmer field schools for improving farming practices and farmer outcomes in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS Las escuelas de campo para agricultores mejoran las prácticas agrícolas, los rendimientos e ingresos en programas piloto pequeños, pero no en programas a gran escala
  • Spanish PLS Description El propósito de las escuelas de campo para agricultores es mejorar las habilidades de los mismos con el fin de empoderarlos para que tomen mejores decisiones. Cada programa tiene objetivos distintos, pero a menudo apuntan a reducir el uso de pesticidas, promover mejores prácticas agrícolas, y mejorar los rendimientos o los ingresos. Las escuelas de campo se valen de facilitadores que emplean métodos de aprendizaje participativos y experimentales durante toda una temporada de cultivo. Por ejemplo, las escuelas de campo para agricultores utilizan ‘parcelas de práctica’, donde estos pueden comparar los resultados que tienen distintos métodos agrícolas. A diferencia de los proyectos tradicionales de extensión agrícola, los cuales enseñan principalmente prácticas simples (tales como la aplicación de fertilizantes), las escuelas de campo para agricultores suelen enseñar técnicas holísticas, tales como el manejo integrado de plagas. Las escuelas de campo para agricultores han sido muy utilizadas en Asia, África y Latinoamérica, alcanzando a aproximadamente 10-15 millones de agricultores. Esta revisión examina la efectividad que tienen las escuelas de campo para agricultores en modificar sus conocimientos y prácticas, y en mejorar su empoderamiento, así como los rendimientos, los ingresos y el impacto ambiental.
Pre-graduation transition services for persons with autism spectrum disorders: effects on employment outcomes
  • Authors John D. Westbrook, Carlton J. Fong, Chad Nye, Ann Williams, Oliver Wendt, Tara Cortopassi
  • Published date 2013-09-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 11
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Pre-graduation transition services for persons with autism spectrum disorders: effects on employment outcomes
Relative effectiveness of conditional and unconditional cash transfers for schooling outcomes in developing countries
  • Authors Sarah Baird, Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Berk Ozler, Michael Woolcock
  • Published date 2013-09-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 9
  • Issue nr 8
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Enforcing conditions makes cash transfers more effective in increasing enrolments
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of conditional and unconditional cash transfer programmes on education outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. The review summarizes findings from 35 studies.
  • Title Relative effectiveness of conditional and unconditional cash transfers for schooling outcomes in developing countries
Post-basic technical and vocational education and training (TVET) interventions to improve employability and employment of TVET graduates in low- and middle-income countries
  • Authors Janice Tripney, Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Mark Newman, Kimberly Hovish, Chris Brown, Katarzyna T. Steinka-Fry, Eric Wilkey
  • Published date 2013-09-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 9
  • PLS Title Technical and vocational education and training for young people has a small positive effect on employment outcomes.
  • PLS Description Many young people in developing countries work in low quality jobs that have low potential for career development or supporting economic growth. This is particularly problematic for developing countries given the continually significant labour productivity gap between developing and developed regions. With increasing emphasis on work and skills based solutions to economic completion and poverty there is a renewed focus on TVET. This review examines the effectiveness of these TVET interventions on employment and employability outcomes of young people in low- and middle-income countries, and which factors may moderate these effects.
  • Title Post-basic technical and vocational education and training (TVET) interventions to improve employability and employment of TVET graduates in low- and middle-income countries
  • Spanish PLS La capacitación técnica y profesional para jóvenes tiene un efecto positivo, aunque pequeño, en los resultados del empleo
  • Spanish PLS Description Muchos jóvenes de países en desarrollo tienen empleos de baja calidad que poseen un escaso potencial de desarrollo profesional o de contribuir al crecimiento económico. Esto resulta particularmente problemático para los países en desarrollo, dada la brecha de productividad laboral continua y significativa que existe entre las regiones en desarrollo y las desarrolladas. Con un énfasis creciente en soluciones basadas en el trabajo y habilidades para lograr avances económicos y superar la pobreza, se crea un enfoque renovado en la EFTP. Esta revisión examina la efectividad de estas intervenciones de EFTP sobre los resultados de empleo y empleabilidad de los jóvenes en países de ingresos medios y bajos, y cuáles son los factores que pueden influir en estos efectos.
Interventions in developing nations for improving primary and secondary school enrolments
  • Authors Anthony Petrosino, Claire Morgan, Trevor Fronius, Emily Tanner-Smith, Robert Boruch
  • Published date 2012-11-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 19
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Interventions in developing nations for improving primary and secondary school enrolments
Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
  • Authors Brian Reichow, Amanda Steiner, Fred Volkmar
  • Published date 2012-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 16
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Social skills groups for people aged 6 to 21 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
  • Authors Brandy R Maynard, Katherine Tyson McCrea, Michael S. Kelly
  • Published date 2012-05-07
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 10
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Truancy programmes increase school attendance, but better programmes and evidence are needed.
  • PLS Description Truancy has serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, families, schools and communities. Truancy intervention programs aim to mitigate such problems using different modalities to increase student attendance. This review examines the effect of truancy interventions on chronically truant students' school attendance.
  • Title Indicated truancy interventions: effects on school attendance among chronic truant students
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de ausentismo escolar aumentan la asistencia, pero se necesitan mejores programas y evidencia.
  • Spanish PLS Description El ausentismo es un problema comúnmente reconocido. Muchos gobiernos han aplicado políticas anti-ausentismo y han gastado grandes cantidades de dinero para mitigar el problema. En el mejor de los casos, las tasas de ausentismo se han mantenido estables, y a menudo han aumentado. Los programas de intervención de ausentismo apuntan a aumentar la asistencia escolar. Los programas de intervención de ausentismo son diversos, apuntan a diferentes tipos de factores de riesgos, y utilizan una gran variedad de métodos para intervenir. Las intervenciones pueden estar dirigidas a factores de riesgo individuales, tales como ansiedad o la fobia escolar, baja autoestima, habilidades sociales y condiciones médicas; factores familiares, como la comunicación y el apoyo parental, la disciplina y la gestión de contingencias, la participación parental y la comunicación con la escuela; y factores escolares, como el clima escolar, las políticas de asistencias, la relación entre maestros y estudiantes, y el bullying. Algunas intervenciones se dirigen a múltiples factores de riesgo en los tres niveles. Los métodos utilizados pueden ir desde un taller de un día para estudiantes y padres, hasta un programa anual de componentes múltiples que considere orientación, tutorías y manejo de casos.
  • Norwegian PLS Programmer mot skulking øker skoledeltakelsen, men det er behov for bedre programmer og mer forskning
  • Norwegian PLS Description Skulking er et utbredt problem. Myndigheter i mange land har iverksatt retningslinjer mot skulking og har brukt store summer på å løse problemet. I beste fall har skulkefrekvensen holdt seg stabil, men den har ofte økt. Intervensjonsprogrammer mot skulking har som mål å øke skoledeltakelsen. Intervensjonsprogrammer mot skulking er allsidige. De er rettet mot mange ulike typer risikofaktorer og bruker mange intervensjonsmetoder. Intervensjoner kan være rettet mot individuelle risikofaktorer, som skoleangst eller -fobi, dårlig selvbilde, dårlige sosiale ferdigheter, medisinske forhold; familiefaktorer, som kommunikasjon og foreldrekontroll, disiplin og evne til å mestre uforutsette hendelser, foreldreinvolvering og kommunikasjon med skolen; samt skolefaktorer, som skolemiljø, regler for oppmøte, relasjoner mellom lærere og elever, samt mobbing. Enkelte intervensjoner er rettet mot flere risikofaktorer på alle de tre nivåene. Metodene som brukes, kan omfatte alt fra endagers workshops for elever og foreldre, til et program med flere komponenter som går over et helt år, og som inkluderer rådgivning, veiledning og kasusstyring.
Effectiveness of adult employment assistance services for persons with autism spectrum disorders
  • Authors John D. Westbrook, Chad Nye, Carlton J. Fong
  • Published date 2012-03-09
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract
  • Volume 8
  • Issue nr 5
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Effectiveness of adult employment assistance services for persons with autism spectrum disorders
The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
  • Authors Regina Oliver, Daniel Reschly, Joseph Wehby
  • Published date 2011-06-24
  • Coordinating group(s) Education, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Volume 7
  • Issue nr 4
  • PLS Title Effective multi-component classroom management programmes seem to improve student behaviour in the classroom but further research is needed
  • PLS Description Effective classroom management is a preventive approach which establishes a positive classroom environment in which the teacher focuses on appropriate student behaviour. This review studies the effect of multi-component classroom management programmes on disruptive behaviours, and which of the components are most effective.
  • Title The effects of teachers' classroom management practices on disruptive or aggressive student behaviour
  • Spanish PLS Los programas de manejo eficaz del aula con múltiples componentes parecen mejorar el comportamiento de los estudiantes en la sala de clases; sin embargo, se requiere mayor investigación
  • Spanish PLS Description Los comportamientos problemáticos de los estudiantes en el aula normalmente se encuentran asociados a un bajo desempeño académico. El tiempo de enseñanza a menudo se desperdicia intentando controlar los comportamientos problemáticos. El manejo eficaz del aula corresponde a un enfoque preventivo que establece un entorno positivo en la sala de clases, donde el profesor se enfoca en el comportamiento adecuado de los estudiantes. Esta revisión estudia el efecto de los programas de varios componentes para el manejo del aula en el caso de comportamientos problemáticos, además de establecer qué componentes son más eficaces.
Dropout prevention and intervention programs: effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth
  • Authors Sandra Jo Wilson, Mark Lipsey, Emily Tanner-Smith, Chiungjung Huang Huang, Katarzyna T. Steinka-Fry
  • Published date 2011-04-14
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review User abstract Other
  • Volume 7
  • Category Image Category Image
  • Title Dropout prevention and intervention programs: effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth
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