Better evidence for a better world
Better evidence for a better world

Better evidence for a better world (167)

Additional Info

  • Authors Sara Valdebenito, Manuel Eisner, David P. Farrington, Maria M. Ttofi, Alex Sutherland
  • Published date 2018-01-09
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Interventions can reduce school exclusion but the effect is temporary
  • PLS Description School exclusion is associated with undesirable effects on developmental outcomes. It increases the likelihood of poor academic performance, antisocial behavior, and poor employment prospects. This school sanction disproportionally affects males, ethnic minorities, those who come from disadvantaged economic backgrounds, and those with special educational needs. This review assesses the effectiveness of programmes to reduce the prevalence of exclusion
  • Title School-based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2018.1

Additional Info

  • Authors Angela Higginson, Kathryn Ham Benier, Yulia Shenderovich, Laura Bedford, Lorraine Mazerolle, Joseph Murray
  • Published date 2015-11-02
  • Coordinating group(s) Crime and Justice, International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title There are no rigorous studies of preventive interventions to reduce youth involvement in gangs in low- and middle-income countries
  • PLS Description Youth gang crime poses a serious problem for low and middle-income countries costing billions of dollars in harm, loss of life and social disruption. Preventive interventions are intended to stop crime before it occurs, either by preventing youth from joining gangs or by reducing recidivism by rehabilitating gang members outside of the criminal justice system. This review examines the effectiveness of these preventive interventions in achieving their aims, as well as identifying factors behind successful implementation in low and middle-income countries.
  • Title Preventive interventions to reduce youth gang violence in low- and middle-income countries
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.18

Additional Info

  • Authors Trine Filges, Edith Montgomery, Marianne Kastrup, Anne-Marie Klint Jørgensen
  • Published date 2015-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Detention of asylum seekers has adverse effects on mental health
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines the impacts of on health, including mental health (PTSD, anxiety and depression), physical health and social functioning, of confining asylum seekers in detention centres. The review includes nine studies from the UK, Japan, Canada and Australia.
  • Title The impact of detention on the health of asylum seekers
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.13

Additional Info

  • Authors Ruth Stewart, Laurenz Langer, Natalie Rebelo Da Silva, Evans Muchiri, Hazel Zaranyika, Yvonne Erasmus, Nicola Randall, Shannon Rafferty, Marcel Korth, Nolizwe Madinga, Thea de Wet
  • Published date 2015-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Training, innovation and technology interventions can improve livelihoods for smallholder farmers in Africa, but there are few rigorous studies
  • PLS Description Many poor people living in Africa depend on their small farms for survival. There has been a lot of interest in trying to reduce poverty in the region by supporting these farmers to produce more and make a profit from their farms. Such interventions include training farmers and introducing them to new farming techniques and products, such as new crop types or fertilisers. Although a substantial amount of money has been invested in these approaches by governments and international donors, the effects of these interventions on food security and economic outcomes are unclear. This review examines the effectiveness of training, innovation and new technology interventions on the economic outcomes and food security of smallholder farmers in Africa.
  • Title The effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers' economic outcomes and food security
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.16

Additional Info

  • Authors Valentina Iemmi, Lorna Gibson, Karl Blanchet, Suresh Kumar, Santosh Rath, Sally Hartley, GVS Murthy, Vikram Patel, Joerg Weber, Hannah Kuper
  • Published date 2015-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Positive effects from community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-income countries
  • PLS Description Community-based rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on the lives of people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Title Community-based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.15

Additional Info

  • Authors Hanne Næss Hjetland, Ellen Irén Brinchmann, Ronny Scherer, Monica Melby-Lervåg
  • Published date 2017-12-15
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • PLS Title Preschool language skills are associated with better reading comprehension at school
  • PLS Description Determining how to provide the best instruction to support children’s reading comprehension requires an understanding of how reading comprehension actually develops. To promote our understanding of this process, this review summarizes evidence from observations of the development of language and reading comprehension from the preschool years into school. The main outcome in this review is reading comprehension skills. Understanding the development of reading comprehension and its precursors can help us develop hypotheses about what effective instruction must comprise to facilitate well-functioning reading comprehension skills. These hypotheses can be tested in randomized controlled trials.
  • Title Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2017.14

Additional Info

  • Authors Trine Filges, Ditte Andersen, Anne-Marie Klint Jørgensen
  • Published date 2015-09-01
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Little evidence on the effectiveness of FFT as a treatment for non-opioid drug use for young people
  • PLS Description Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is a short-term, manual-based, intervention. It is delivered in outpatient settings and aims to modify interactions between family members to improve youth behavior. This review assesses the effectiveness of FFT as a treatment for young peoples' use of cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, or cocaine.
  • Title Functional family therapy (FFT) for young people in treatment for non-opioid drug use
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.14

Additional Info

  • Authors Elizabeth Kristjansson, Damian K Francis, Selma Liberato, Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Vivian Andrea Welch, Malek Batal, Trisha Greenhalgh, Tamara Rader, Eamonn Noonan, Beverley J. Shea, Laura Janzen, George A. Wells, Mark Petticrew
  • Published date 2015-05-04
  • Coordinating group(s) International Development, Nutrition, Social Welfare
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Food supplementation is more effective if better targeted and supervised
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review examines whether food supplementation is effective in improving the health of disadvantaged children under 5. The review summarises findings from 32 studies: 21 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and 11 controlled before-and-after studies (CBAs).
  • Title Food supplementation for improving the physical and psychosocial health of socio-economically disadvantaged children aged three months to five years
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.11

Additional Info

  • Authors Brandy R. Maynard, Kristen Brendel, Jeffrey J. Bulanda, David Heyne, Aaron Thompson, Terri Pigott
  • Published date 2015-05-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Education
  • Type of document Title Protocol Review Plain language summary
  • Category Image Category Image
  • PLS Title Effects of Psychosocial Interventions for School Refusal with Primary and Secondary Students
  • PLS Description This Campbell systematic review assesses the effects of psychosocial interventions for school refusal. The review summarizes the findings from eight studies.
  • Title Psychosocial interventions for school refusal with primary and secondary school students
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.12

Additional Info

  • Authors Kerryann Walsh, Karen Zwi, Sue Woolfenden, Aron Shlonsky
  • Published date 2015-05-04
  • Coordinating group(s) Social Welfare
  • Type of document Protocol Review User abstract Plain language summary Previous version
  • PLS Title School-based sexual abuse prevention programmes strengthen children's protective behaviours and increase knowledge about sexual abuse
  • PLS Description This review assesses whether: programmes are effective in improving students' protective behaviours and knowledge about sexual abuse prevention; behaviours and skills are retained over time; and participation results in disclosures of sexual abuse, produces harms, or both.
  • Title School-based education programmes for the prevention of child sexual abuse
  • See the full review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.4073/csr.2015.10
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